Perennial Ryegrass

Scientific name- Lolium perenne


  • A forage.
  • It is native to Europe, Asia and northern Africa.
  • Most seed production in the US happens in Oregon.
  • Used for pasture and silage.


The first turf-type perennial ryegrasses were released in the USA in the early 1960’s. From home lawns to athletic fields to golf course tees, fairways, and rough areas this is an important grass for all turf managers. This guide will cover botany, history, cultural requirements, and strengths and weaknesses of this fascinating grass. Perennial ryegrass has been used for animal forage for over 300 years.

Perennial ryegrass are very important in forage and livestock systems. Ryegrasses are the most popular and best adapted cool season grasses in most of the world.