Katy and Gina Ryan

Terms to Know

Ace- a winning serve which the receiver fails to touch with his or her racket

Alley- The portion of the court that is in between the sidelines for singles play vs doubles play

Deuce- a score of 40-40, after which a player must win two consecutive points to win the game

Double Fault- two faults served in a row, resulting in the server losing the point

Ground Stroke- a shot hit from the back court after the ball has bounced; the standard shot in tennis

Volley- a shot on which the ball is hit before it bounces

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Rules of Tennis

-Game starts with a coin toss to determine which player serves first and which side they wish to serve from

-The server must serve from outside the baseline and alternate form the left to right side of the court and can not step in front of the baseline prior to serving.

-The server gets two service attempts if the server fails to complete one of the serves the result in a double fault

-If the serve is received without the serve bouncing the server gets the point

-Once the serve is made the players have an unlimited amount of shots

-A player can not touch the net or distract their opponent in any way or they lose the point

-The ball can hit any part of the line and it is considered in play, the ball must be completely outside the lines to be considered out

-A point is won by hitting the ball so that the opponent can not return it in the playing area

-The ball is not allowed to hit, touch, or graze the net

Scoring In Tennis

A player needs to score 4 points to win a game of tennis. The points are known as:

15- 1st point

30- 2nd point

40- 3rd point

The 4th point results in a win and ends the game.

If the score is 40-40 it is called a deuce and then the player must win by 2 clear points.

Singles vs. Doubles

A tennis match can be played by one player on each side (singles) or two players on each side (doubles). A singles match will use the inner side tram line as their sideline. A doubles match will use the outer tram line.

Equipment For Tennis


Court (clay, grass, carpet, or hard surface)

Felt-covered tennis ball

Serving Guidlines

The server serves from one side of the court that starts the play and is hit to opposite corner to bounce inside the service area. The server must serve from behind the baseline and not pass the baseline prior to the serve.


The modern form of tennis first appeared in the 19th century, but earlier forms of the game had been played in Europe for centuries. The most well-known was real tennis (or royal tennis), which had been popular with royal families and the rich since the thirteenth century. In 1571, French King Charles IX gave permission for the 'Corporation of Tennis Professionals', a type of 'pro tour', to be started, which shows how popular real tennis had become. The game became less popular around the time of the French Revolution, however, because of its links with royalty and the 'ruling classes' that people blamed for social injustices. In England in 1873, Major Walter Clopton Wingfield revived interest in the game by simplifying the rules and designing new courts that were easier and cheaper to build. He called his new version of the game 'lawn tennis' and kept most of the old scoring system, and many of the original French words used in real tennis, such as love and deuce.

Work Cited

Administrator. Tennis Rules: Basic Rules of Tennis. 2016. Web. 17 Mar. 2016.

"BBC SPORT | Tennis | Rules and Equipment | A Guide to a Tennis Court."BBC News. BBC, 12 Sept. 2005. Web. 17 Mar. 2016.

"Top Tennis Clubs in Melbourne." - Melbourne. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2016.