Here One Day and Gone the Next
"...Undocumented migrant workers carry eggplants out of a field in Sampson County, North Carolina, August 10, 2005."
Migrant Worker and Her Children
"...According to Lange, at the time this picture was taken, this woman, her husband, and their seven children had been living for days on frozen vegetables and some birds that the children had killed."
"...This mother and her children left Oklahoma in search of work picking cotton in California."
Migrant Worker and Her Children
Causes of Migration
The Great Depression
"Effects on individuals. Much of the unemployment experience of the depression can be accounted for by workers who moved in and out of periods of employment and unemployment that lasted for weeks or months. These individuals suffered financially, to be sure, but they were generally able to save, borrow, or beg enough to avoid the severest hardships. Their intermittent periods of employment helped to stave off a psychological sense of failure. Yet there were also numerous workers who were unemployed for years at a time. Among this group were those with the least skills or the poorest attitudes. Others found that having been unemployed for a long period of time made them less attractive to employers. Long-term unemployment appears to have been concentrated among people in their late teens and early twenties and those older than fifty-five. For many that came of age during the depression, World War II would provide their first experience of full-time employment.
With unemployment rates exceeding 25 percent, it was obvious that most of the unemployed were not responsible for their plight. Yet the ideal that success came to those who worked hard remained in place, and thus those who were unemployed generally felt a severe sense of failure. The incidence of mental health problems rose, as did problems of family violence. For both psychological and economic reasons, decisions to marry and to have children were delayed. Although the United States provided more relief to the unemployed than many other countries (including Canada), coverage was still spotty. In particular, recent immigrants to the United States were often denied relief. Severe malnutrition afflicted many, and the palpable fear of it, many more."(Szostak, Rick)
Events dealing with Migrant Workers
"Bank failure." Image. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"Dorothea Langes 1936 photograph of a destitute migrant worker and her children in California has..." Encyclopedia of Children and Childhood: In History and Society. Ed. Paula S. Fass. Vol. 2. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004. U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
HURT, R. DOUGLAS. "Dust Bowl." Encyclopedia of the Great Depression. Ed. Robert S. McElvaine. Vol. 1. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004. 249-257. U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"Mexican American Migrant Farm Workers." Civil Rights in America: 1500 to the present. Ed. Jay A. Sigler. Detroit: Gale, 2010. U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 Mar. 2014
"Migrant farmworkers' squatter's camp." Image. Library of Congress. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"Migrant workers." Gale Encyclopedia of U.S. Economic History. Ed. Thomas Carson and Mary Bonk. Detroit: Gale, 2010. U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"PRIMARY SOURCE. Undocumented Migrant Farm Workers: Undocumented migrant workers carry eggplants out..." Human and Civil Rights: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. Adrienne Wilmoth Lerner, Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, and K. Lee Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2006. U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
Ruhs, Martin. "Migrants Don't Need More Rights." New York Times 19 Dec. 2013: A39(L). U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"Singapore's angry migrant workers." New York Times 28 Dec. 2013: A18(L). U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
"Soup kitchen during the Great Depression." Image. Social Security Administration. American History. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.
Szostak, Rick. "Great Depression." Dictionary of American History. Ed. Stanley I. Kutler. 3rd ed. Vol. 4. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003. 44-49. U.S. History in Context. Web. 19 Mar. 2014.