Papa Doc and Baby Doc

Francois and Jean-Claude Duvalier

Papa Doc

François Duvalier also known as Papa Doc , was the President of Haiti from 1957 until his death in 1971. He opposed a military coup d'état in 1950, and was elected president in 1957 on a populist and black nationalist platform. His rule, based on a purged military, a rural militia known as the Tonton Macoute and the use of a personality cult and voodoo, resulted in the murder of an estimated 30,000 Haitians and the exile of many more. Ruling as President for Life from 1964 until his death in 1971, Duvalier was initially known for successfully fighting diseases, gaining him the nickname Papa Doc. He was succeeded by his son, Jean-Claude, nicknamed Baby Doc.

Baby Doc

Jean-Claude Duvalier, nicknamed Baby Doc was the President of Haiti from 1971 until his overthrow in 1986. He succeeded Francois Papa Doc Duvalier, his father, as the ruler of Haiti following the older man's death in 1971. After assuming power, he introduced cosmetic changes to his father's regime and delegated much authority to his advisors, though thousands of Haitians were killed or tortured, and hundreds of thousands fled the country. He maintained a notoriously lavish lifestyle (including a state-sponsored $3 million wedding in 1980), and made millions from involvement in the drug trade and from selling body parts from dead Haitians while most Hatians were poor.

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Hatian Stamps

Propaganda by Papa Doc was made. He put his own face on a piece of paper that the entire country used. He is showing he is superior to everyone else by putting his face on a stamp and that is a dictator quality. In America, a Democratic style government we honor our dead founding fathers by putting their faces in a small picture on our currency. We do not have our current president putting his face on everything like Papa Doc did.

Essential Question

Is it needed for Papa Doc to use military force on his people resulting on their deaths?

Papa Doc and Baby Doc Haiku 5-7-5 Poem

Ruling Haiti Bad

Papa Doc and Baby Doc

Killing Everyone