The 13 Colonies

Brooke T, Gabe Y, Zinnie W, Aaron C, July C

The Southern Colonies

Descriptions of why the founding of the colonies :

Maryland- Manufacturing and agriculture

Virginia- Plantation agriculture

North Carolina- Plantation agriculture

Georgia- Agriculture

South Carolina-Plantation agriculture

Identification of the 13 original colonies :


  • Maryland/ 1634/Lord Baltimore
  • Virginia/1607/London Company
  • North Carolina/ 1653/Virginians
  • Georgia/ 1732/James Edward Oglethorpe
  • South Carolina/ 1663/Eight Nobles with a Royal Charter from Charles II
  • Geograhical Characteristics:
  • The climate of the Southern Colonies was the warmest climate of the three colonial regions.

    The warmer climate was a positive factor for the colonists in the Southern Colonies. They didn't worry as much about surviving cold winters.

    The warmer climate was a negative factor for the colonists in the Southern Colonies; the warm, moist climate carried diseases that killed the colonists.

    The Middle Colonies

    Descriptions of why the founding of the colonies :

    Delaware- founded for agriculture and manufacturing

    Pennsylvania- founded for agriculture and manufacturing

    New York- Manufacturing and agriculture

    New Jersey- Manufacturing


    Identification of the 13 original colonies:

    Delaware/1638/Peter Minuit and New Sweden Company
    Pennsylvania/ 1682/William Penn
    New Jersey/ 1664/Lord Berkeley and Sir George Carteret
    New York/ 1664/Duke of York


    Geographical Characteristics:

    These colonies provided deep, safe harbors for ships. The geography of the land presented coastal plains, with gentle hills inland and mountains farther from the shore. The land was rich and fertile for farming, which the colonists succeeded at in this region.



    New England Colonies

    Descriptions of why the founding of the colonies :

    Rhode Island- was colonized for their farming and manufacturing

    Connecticut- for their great farming

    Massachusetts- was founded for agriculture and manufacturing

    New Hampshire- colonized for agriculture and manufacturing


    Identification of the 13 original colonies:

    Rhode Island/ 1636/Roger Williams
    Connecticut/1635/Thomas Hooker

    Massachusetts/ 1620/Puritans

    New Hampshire/ 1623/John Wheelwright


    Geographical Characteristics :

    They were located in the northern region. Along the coastline, the land was flat. Continuing inland in these colonies, hills and mountains were encountered. The land was rocky, which made farming difficult. The colonists in this region had to rely on other means of providing for their family because of the rocky land.

    Timeline

    1606-Virginia Company of London is granted a Royal Charter to settle in the New World

    1607-Jamestown is founded under the patent of the London Company.

  • Captain John Smith meets Pocahontas.
  • 1609-Henry Hudson explores the Delaware Bay and Hudson River
  • 1612-Captain John Smith writes A Map of Virginia.
  • The Dutch use Manhattan as a fur trading center.
  • Tobacco planted for the first time by English colonists in Virginia.
  • 1614-Sir Walter Raleigh writes The History of the World.
  • Pocahontas marries John Rolfe
  • 1618-Sir Walter Raleigh returns to England and is executed.
  • 1619-The first representative colonial assembly, the House of Burgesses, was formed in Virginia.
  • First slaves in North America.
  • 1620-Mayflower Compact was signed.
  • Plymouth Colony founded in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
  • John Carver was named the first governor of Plymouth Colony.