1905 - 1908
Fauvism was the first of the avant-garde movements that flourished in France in the early years of the twentieth century. The Fauve painters were the first to break with Impressionism as well as with older, traditional methods of perception. Their spontaneous, often subjective response to nature was expressed in bold, undisguised brushstrokes and high-keyed, vibrant colors directly from the tube.
How Fauvism Started
Fauvism started in 1905. Fauvism artists called themselves 'Fauves'. The group first formally started in Paris. The leader of the group was Henri Matisse who had arrived at the Fauve style after experimenting with the various Post Impressionist approaches of Paul Gauguin, Vincent Van Gogh,and Georges Seurat. Matisse’s studies led him to reject traditional renderings of three-dimensional space and to seek instead a new picture space defined by movement of colour. He exhibited his famous Woman with the Hat(1905) at the 1905 exhibition.
Key Artists in Fauvism
The most important Fauvist Painters were Henri Matisse and André Derain, who had both studied together in 1897, together with Derain's close friend Maurice de Vlamnick. Other members of the group - nicknamed fauvettes - included the Dutch-born figurative painter Kees van Dongen, the lyrical artist Georges Rouault, the painter of 'waterways' Albert Marquet, the delicate colourist Raoul Dufy, the Cubist-in-waiting Georges Braque, the Le Havre artist Othon Friesz, the Neo-Impressionist Louis Valtat, the versatile Henri-Charles Manguin, the Impressionistic Charles Camoin another friend of Matisse from Moreau's class at the Ecoles de Beauz Arts, and Jean Puy, a participant at the original 1905 Salon d'Automne show.
Gray Weather in Cove - Georges Braque
This painting demonstrates the Art Movement of Fauvism in several ways. First, it displays the "wild" brush strokes that are a key piece in Fauvism. It also has strident colors, and portals some abstract style. This painting shows examples of expressionism, which is seen as a mode of Fauvism.