Machu Picchu

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Machu Picchu is located in the Cosco Region, Urubamba Province, Machupicchu district in Peru. It is 112.5 km. northeast of the city of Cusco, at 2,350 meters, within the Machu Picchu Archaeological Park. It covers approximately a total of 32 592 hectares.


Many archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was constructed as a royal estate of sorts, the presence of elite residences in the northeast sector of the site backing that idea up. It would have been used by the emperor and his family as a temporary respite, the site supporting a small number of year-round caretakers.


Machu Picchu is believed to have been built by Pachacuti Inca Yupanqui, the ninth ruler of the Inca, in the mid-1400s. An empire builder, Pachacuti initiated a series of conquests that would eventually see the Inca grow into a South American realm that stretched from Ecuador to Chile.

Life as a Inca Child

A child would not be named for the first two years of it's life. It would only be referred to as "wawa." After two years, the child would be given a temporary name along with their first hair cut. Their permanent name would be given to them when the hit puberty.

Inca children were treated harshly to toughen them. They were severely punished if they misbehaved.

At about the age of 10 the most beautiful girls were selected to be chosen women or Aqllakuna. They were taken from their families and sent to a house of chosen women or Aqllawasi. They were taught the Inca religion and skills like cooking and weaving. When they were about 14 some of the girls became priestesses or they married important Incas or even the Sapa Inca himself (the Sapa Inca often had hundreds of wives).

Girls left behind learned skills like cooking and weaving from their mothers. When they reached their teens they were old enough to marry.

Boys learned farming, fishing and other trades. Noble boys had tutors called Amataus who trained them to rule. When they reached the age of 14 boys were given a loincloth which symbolized the fact that they were now young men.


Marriage was a necessity in Incan society because a man could not be considered an adult until he was married. Most men were not married until they were around 20. Women were able to be married when they could reproduce.