James Earl "Jimmy" Carter

1977-1981

Election of Carter

- Election of 1976

- 1977-1981

- Democratic

- Humble man

- Ran against the memory of Nixon and Watergate break-in as much as he ran against Ford

- Promised to "never lie to you" (his campaign pitch)

- Attracted voters as an outsider who would clean the disorderly house of "big government"

- Very close election

Humanitarian Efforts

- Overwhelming concern for "human rights" (guiding principle of his foreign policy)

- Reached out for black majority in African nations with UN ambassador, Andrew Young

- September 1978: Camp David Accords (Carter served as a liaison between Israeli and Egyptian leaders so they could both sign a peaceful accord)

Economic and Energy Issues (Regarding Oil)

- Prices rising

- Oil prices hiked from OPEC

- Inflation rate well above 13% by 1979

- Very expensive to pay for imported oil (payed more for importing goods than they earned from exporting goods)

- Oil shocks taught Americans that a policy on isolation could never be considered again

- 27% of GNP depended on foreign trade

- America's costly dependence on oil caused the economic problems and the energy crisis

- "Moral equivalent of war": Carter's energy crusade that caused for energy conservation

- Tensions in Iran caused oil prices to raise even more

- Carter gave the "jeremiad" speech which warned the citizens that they were falling into a "moral and spiritual crisis" and were too concerned with "material goods"

Beginning of the Iranian Hostage Crisis in 1979

- November 4, 1979: anti-American Muslim militants took all occupants of the US embassy in Teheran, Iran hostage (Iranian hostage crisis)

- Demanded that American authorities ship the exiled shah back to Iran

- The questionable Iranian government refused to intervene against these militants

- "Rapid Deployment Force": Carter's proposed idea that they would respond to suddenly developing crisis in faraway places