Alexander Fleming

Karishma Millet

Biography

Alexander Fleming was born August 6, 1881 in Ayrshire, Scotland. He worked as a biologist, bacteriologist, and scientist at St. Mary's hospital, and in World War 1 he served as a physician in the Royal Army Medical Corps. The thing that he is known for is the fact that he discovered Penicillin. Penicillin is a antibiotic. Alexander discovered Penicillin when he came back from a vacation and was clearing out his old petri dishes, when he further more looked into one that had the bacteria Staphylococcus aureus. It had a mold ring around it that was free of bacteria, and this mold contained Penicillin. He was rewarded a Nobel Prize in 1945, a little after his discovery.

Alexanders Impact on History

Thanks to Alexander's discovery, later on the scientist Howard Florey and Ernst Chain from Oxford University, played around with Penicillin until they reached the Penicillin to a brown powder that was safe for use on humans. Perfect timing because in his time it was the second year of World War 2 and many lives were lost because of bacterial infections. Penicillin helped kill the bacteria and gave those who were suffering a better chance of surviving. Penicillin also treated diphtheria, gangrene, pneumonia, syphilis and tuberculosis.
Alexander Fleming's Discovery of Penicillin

Alexander Fleming's Discovery of Penicillin Video Questions

1) What is the biggest enemy of those who are serving in the war?


2) What did the Doctors/Nurses use on the wounded that was lethal as nothing at all?


3)True or False Alexander Fleming attended St. Elizabeth's Hospital School?


4) What was the name of the group that he was captain of when he was brought to the front lines?


5) What delayed his work in 1914?