Carter

By Paulina Gonzalez

Election

  • President Ford tried to get elected on his own
  • the Democrats chose Jimmy Carter.
    • Carter banked on being a “Washington outsider,” untainted by the supposed corruption of D.C.
    • The election was close,
    • Republicans had been too tarnished by Watergate.
    • Carter won 297 to 240.
  • Congress also went heavily Democrat.
  • During his "honeymoon period" Carter got a new Dept. of Energy established.
  • He also got a tax cut through.
    • Carter's honeymoon was short.
    • Being a political outsider was good during the election, not good inside Washington D.C.

Humanitarian efforts

  • Carter was a Christian and had a high concern for human rights.
  • would be his guiding principle when it came to foreign policy.
    • he expressed his concern and support for the oppressed people of Rhodesia.
  • Carter's foreign policy achievement was a Middle East peace settlement.
    • Egyptian president Anwar Sadat and Israeli president Menachem Begin met Carter at Camp David in 1978.
    • shook hands and agreed that Israel would withdraw from lands gained in the Six-Day War (1967) and Israel's borders would be respected.
  • diplomatic relations with China were reestablished.
  • planned to turn over the Panama Canal to Panama by the year 2000
  • Carter's policies seemed nice, but soft and too willing to give.
    • the Cold War kept on going.
    • Thousands of Soviet backed Cuban troops showed up in various African countries to support communist forces there.
    • Carter was unresponsive.

Economic and energy issues

  • the economy was tanking.
    • Inflation was rose by 13% in 1979
    • The cost of importing oil was shooting up.
    • Carter proposed energy conservation laws, didn't go anywhere.
    • Interest rates were very high.
  • in 1979 when the shah of Iran was ousted by Islamic fundamentalists Carter got problems.
  • The shah had been put into power with help from the CIA and was seen as a symbol of the West and the U.S.
    • The new Muslim government took over the oil fields.
    • Oil production went down and OPEC raised oil prices farther.
    • Carter went to Camp David, talked with energy experts, then got angry at America for its dependence on oil and materialism.
      • he fired four cabinet members and reverted to his close-knit Georgia crew in just a couple of days.
      • Some wondered if Carter was losing touch with the people.

Beginning of the Iranian hostage crisis in 1979

  • Carter came with the SALT II agreements.
  • met with Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev and agreed to limit nuclear weapons.
      • the Senate didn't want to ratify the agreement.
  • simultaneously, militant Muslim radicals in Iran stormed the U.S. embassy in Teheran
  • took everyone hostage.
    • The militants demanded that the U.S. hand over the shah who'd fled earlier.
    • bad event at the same time mixed the Cold War, oil, and the Muslim World.
      • The Soviet Union suddenly attacked and took over Afghanistan (Dec. 1979). This move threatened
      1. to expand communism
      2. oil fields and production,
      3. Iran.
  • Carter placed an embargo on the U.S.S.R.
  • boycotted the 1980 summer Olympics in Moscow.
    • proposed "Rapid Deployment Force" for trouble-spots and asked that young people, including women, be required to register for a possible military draft.
    • Carter admitted he'd misjudged the Soviets at the SALT II talks.
    • This is when SALT II died.
  • The Iran hostage situation was still going
  • Become the undoing of Carter.
    • The U.S. tried economic sanctions and failed.
    • A secret rescue mission was planned and tried.
    • Actually went down in flames in a sandstorm.
    • Carter was unable to resolve the Iran hostage situation.