Texas Revolution Updates

Noble Garr, Block 7, 12/16/2014

Battle of Gonzales

On October 2nd, 1835 the Mexican Army demanded Texans in Gonzales to give a cannon that was given to the citizens of Gonzales as a defense against native invaders. The Texans responded by holding up a flag that had said, "Come and take it." The two factions exchanged gunfire for the victor to be the Texans.

The Battle of Lipantitlán

On October 31,1835 Capatain Phillip Dimmitt sent a group of men to take Fort Lipantitlán. They arrived at Fort Lipantitlán late on November 3 and took the undermanned fort without firing a shot. The next day, the Texians dismantled the fort; another victory for Texas freedom.

The Seige of Bexar

On October 13, Stephen F. Austin led a newly formed Texan Army toward Bexar to engage enemy troops. One week later, the men reached Salado Creek and initiated The Seige of Bexar. The Texans gradually moved their camp closer to Bexar, and on October 27 had made camp at Mission San Francisco de la Espada. The Mexican Army found the rebels and opened fire. The battle ended with Texan victory once again.

(P.S. It's worth mentioning, after this battle or half-way, Austin resigned his command.)

The Alamo

The Mexican Army arrived in San Antonio on February 28, 1836. The Texan garrison, military fort, was completely unprepared and had to quickly gather food from the town to supply the Alamo. By the afternoon 1,500 Mexican troops were gathered outside the Alamo, who quickly raised a blood-red flag signifying no mercy. For the next 13 days, the Mexican army raided the Alamo. On March 6, the Mexican army attacked the fort in what became known as the Battle of the Alamo. Almost all of the Texan defenders, estimated to be around 257 men, were killed, including James Bowie, Davy Crockett and William B. Travis.

Battle of Coleto

The Battle of Coleto, also known as the Battle of Coleto Creek, the Battle of the Prairie, was fought on March 19 -20,1836. In February, General José de Urrea led a portion of the Mexican army up the Gulf Coast of Mexican Texas toward Goliad, where a large group of soldiers from the Texas Army were garrisoned under Colonel James W. Fannin. Simultaneously, Mexican president Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna led a larger force into the Texan interior, where on March 6 his troops won the Battle of the Alamo. After learning of the Alamo's defeat, Texan general Sam Houston ordered Fannin to retreat from Goliad and join the rest of the army in Victoria. On March 19, Fannin led his men on a leisurely retreat from Goliad. Mexican troops surrounded the Texans later in the day. Texans fought back middle of the prairie and attempted to defend their position. Although Mexican troops attacked the defending Texans three times, they could not beat the Texan defense. Eventually, the Mexicans captured the men and the battle led up to the Goliad Massacre.

Battle of San Jacinto

On April 21, 1836 the Mexican army was face-to-face with the Texas army. This was the battle that would decide the fate of the whole revolution. The Mexican army suffered many casualties in this fateful battle, since they had been doing prolonged marches to the San Antonio River they were exhausted and were at a disadvantage. The Texans soon after the won battle captured Santa Anna and ended the war, thus Texas was free.