Ancient Greek Theatre
Origin and Actors
Greek theatre began with festivals honouring the gods. A God Dionysus was honoured with a festival called by the “City Dionysia”. In Athens, men used to perform songs to welcome Dionysus. Athens was the main place for these theatrical traditions but spread these festivals to its numerous allies. At early Greek festivals, the actor’s directors and dramatists were the same person. A while on, only three actors were allowed on stage at a time in each play. A little later non-speaking roles were allowed to perform on stage.
The three main types of plays that people performed in Greek theatre were comedies, tragedies and satyr plays. Comedies were an important part of Greek theatre. People say that tragedies evolved from dithyrambs songs sung in praise for a god each year. Satyr Plays dealt with the mythological subject in a comic matter.
The two main types of plays that people performed in Greek theatre were comedies and tragedies. Comedies were an important part of Greek theatre. People say that tragedies evolved from dithyrambs songs sung in praise for a god each year.
Masks and Costumes
The actors, when they were on stage, were so far away from the audience, so they had costumes and masks to help. Tragic masks carried mournful or pained expressions, while comic masks were smiling or leering.
The shape of the mask amplified the actor's voice, making his words easier for the audience to hear.