Madelyn Rasberry

History of Taiwan

First inhabited by Austronesian people, Taiwan became home to Han immigrants beginning in the late 17th century. In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan, which governed Taiwan for 50 years. Taiwan came under Chinese Nationalist control after World War II. In the four years leading to the communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government under the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. The Nationalist government established authoritarian rule under martial law in 1948. Beginning in the late 1970s, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the local population within the governing structure. This process expanded rapidly in the 1980s, with the founding of the first opposition party (the Democratic Progressive Party or DPP) in 1986 and the lifting of martial law in 1987. Taiwan held its first direct presidential election in 1996. In 2000, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power from the Nationalist Party (Kuomintang or KMT) to the DPP. Throughout this period, the island prospered and became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issues continue to be management of sensitive relations between Taiwan and China - specifically the question of Taiwan's eventual status - as well as domestic priorities for economic reform and growth.

Current Facts

Population: 23.48 million

Ethnic groups: Chinese (84%), mainland Chinese(14%), and indigenous peoples (2%).

Official Language: Standard mandarin and Taiwanese mandarin

Religion: Buddism, Daoism, Confucianism, Christianity, Chinese folk religion

Literacy Rate: 95.55%

Birth Rate: 8.47 births/ 1,000 population

Death Rate: 7.11 deaths/ 1,000 population

These statics play a part in society because it shows how Taiwan is a country that is mainly developed, and isn't really going to grow anymore. It also has a very high literacy rate, which shows the education there is very high and valued throughout the people.

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This is what a typical Taiwan elementary classroom looks like.

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The central part of Taiwan

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beach in taiwan

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Housing in taiwan

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Significance of Pictures

These pictures are significant because it shows pictures of peoples daily life in Taiwan. The country has very many traditions and takes pride in their culture and different festivals.