What are them and how to prevent them

Lung diseases are some of the most common medical conditions in the world. The lungs are part of a complex apparatus, expanding and relaxing thousands of times each day to bring in oxygen and expel carbon dioxide. Lung disease can result from problems in any part of this system. There are over thirty different types of lung disease which range from tuberculosis, asthma, cystic fibrosis and COPD to lung cancer and pneumonia.

Ways to prevent them:

  • Stay active: it will help you keep your lungs healthy. Being active means we are stretching our lungs. When we are sedentary and inactive, the bottom section of our lungs are not being used, leaving it open to infections of the air sacks by allowing germs or bacteria to breed where it is warm and moist.
  • Make sure your workplace is safe: due to the rise in toxins and sensitising agents - chemicals or proteins which inflame our airways and make our lungs susceptible to lung diseases such as tuberculosis and asthma

  • Don't smoke: there is a ten-fold increased risk of developing lung cancer if you smoke. You are also likely to die 10-15 years younger from lung disease.

  • Breathe deeply: When we breathe too quickly - as most people who lead a busy lifestyle do - we only draw breath from the upper and middle lobes of the lung - rather than using them all.

  • Eat plenty of fruit and vegetables: a diet rich in fruit and vegetables over a long period of time can help prevent lung disease.