TUBERCULOSIS

By Kendra Johnson

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the kinds of TB bacterium that humans can get.

Tuberculosis Prevention in English (accent from the USA)

Diagnosis

A person can be diagnosed with tuberculosis in multiple ways. One way is you can get an multi-pronged pin prick in your arm that leaves a reddish and slightly swelled spot. If you don’t have TB the skin in that area goes down, but if it’s positive and you have TB, the skin swells and bubbles up. Another way to diagnose TB is a blood test where they withdraw blood and test your blood for the disease. A third way to test is called a breath test, this finds the germs of TB that comes from the lungs.

How Tuberculosis is Spread

TB spreads through the air when someone coughs and then you breath in the bacterium into your own lungs. Once inhaled, the TB bacteria settles in your lungs were it might be killed off by your immune system. Sometimes, Tuberculosis can live in the lungs in a dormant (latent) state and the bacteria can live there for years before turning into a terminal case.

What Happens to Your Lungs and How They Would Normally Work

The way lungs normally work is by taking in oxygen and removing the carbon dioxide.

The Symptoms of Tuberculosis

Symptoms for Tuberculosis include: coughing up blood or sputum, which may last for a couple of weeks, chest pain, feeling week or fatigued, no appetite, weight loss, fever, chills, and night sweats


When you have the TB disease, it wears away the tissue in your lungs making it hard to breathe and causing severe damage to the lung tissue. The most accurate way to describe what happens to the lungs is that they get cheesy and tattered, which then causes the lungs to bleed. This makes breathing very hard and causes the person suffering from he disease to cough blood from the lungs.

How This Condition Arises

This condition arises when people who have a weakened immune system or are in close proximity and closed places where lots of people are breathing in the contaminated air. It also affects poor communities because of malnutrition, which reduces a person state of health making them more vulnerable to contracting the disease.

Who Can get Tuberculosis?

Anyone can get TB if they have a weakened immune system. But it significantly affects infants and small children who have a greater chance of getting TB. The ethnic groups that have been shown to have some of the highest cases of TB reported in the United States are Asians, Native Americans, Native Alaskans, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders, and African Americans.

Treatment for Tuberculosis

The treatment for latent TB is a combination of medications. These medicines are isoniazid (INH), rifampin (RIF), and rifapentine (RPT) and you would have to take them for 6 to 9 months to cure Tuberculosis.

Prognosis

The prognosis for life expectancy without taking medication could be from a few weeks up to one or possibly two months. With medication you could survive the disease and live out the rest of your life tuberculosis free.

connection

I have no personal connection to Tuberculosis but I found it an interesting disease and know that historically it was also referred to as Consumption and the White Plague.

bibliography

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"Treatment." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. Web. 02 Dec. 2013.

"Trends in Tuberculosis in the United States." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, n.d. Web. 03 Dec. 2013.

"Tuberculosis." Ebsco. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2013.

"Waiting to EXHALE: Scientists Sift the Chemical Potpourri That Escapes Our Lungs for New Ways to Diagnose Disease." N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2013.

"The White Plague." Ebsco. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2013.