Nepal earthquake Disaster-2015
2015 Earthquake Disaster
Reasons in terms of plate tectonic movement
Nepal is prone to destructive earthquakes, not only because of the massive forces involved in the tectonic collision, but also because of the type of fault line the country sits on. Normal faults create space when the ground cracks and separates. Nepal lies on a so-called thrust fault, where one tectonic plate forces itself on top of another. The most visible result of this is the Himalayan mountain range. The fault runs along the 1,400-mile range, and the constant collision of the India and Eurasia plates pushes up the height of the peaks by about a centimeter each year.
Safety Measures taken during Earthquakes
During an earthquake:
- Do not panic, keep calm.
- Douse all fires.
- If the earthquake catches you indoors, stay indoors. Take cover under a sturdy piece of furniture. Stay away from glass, or loose hanging objects.
- If you are outside, move away from buildings, steep slopes and utility wires.
- If you are in a crowded place, do not rush for cover or to doorways.
- If you are in a moving vehicle, stop as quickly as safety permits, but stay in the vehicle until the shaking stops.
- If you are in a lift, get out of the lift as quickly as possible.
- If you are in a tunnel, move out of the tunnel to the open as quickly as safety permits.
Challenges faced by the rescue team
- Aid groups and governments intensified efforts to help Nepal on Sunday after a 7.8 magnitude devastated the capital Kathmandu and surrounding areas.
- European, Asian and North American governments sent emergency response teams to Nepal as the country struggles to cope with the disaster. However, blocked roads, collapsed buildings, and continuing aftershocks pose major setbacks for emergency crews searching for survivors in the capital and cut-off rural areas.