Human Impact on Lithosphere

By: Harley and Kirsten

Coal

Non-Renewable Resource

Why?:

  • Because we burn the coal for power and to grill food

Impact on environment:

  • Pollutes the drinking water and causes mass movements

How to prevent:

  • Don't leave chemicals left behind
  • Don't take away vegetation
  • Save the topsoil and put it back

wind

Renewable Resource

Why?

  • To make energy for business

Impact on earth:

  • High initial cost, but end up saving the user money
  • Less land to build buildings

How to prevent:

  • Put back money
  • Don't use so many windmills

geothermal

Non-Renewable

Why?

  • For the people

Impact on earth:

  • loss of land
  • loss of money
  • more power in homes

How to prevent:

  • Put back money
  • Don't use so much land for one thing

solar energy

Renewable Resource

Why?

  • To have a heather why of energy

Impact on environment:

  • Better way to create energy / electricity without polluting the earth.
  • Initial costs are high but in the end saves the user money.

How to prevent:

  • Don't do so many houses with panels

uranim / plutonium

Non-Renewable Resource

Why?:

  • Nuclear Energy

Impact on environment when mined:

  • Open pits or shafts and drives are dug, waste rock and overburden is placed in engineered dumps.
  • Tailings from the ore processing must be placed in engineered dams or underground.
  • The whole site must be rehabilitated at the end of the project.
  • Air and water pollution must be avoided during mining.

How to prevent:

  • Find a safer and cleaner way instead of mining.

fossil fuels

Non-Renewable Resource

Why?

  • For resources

Impact on earth:

  • Less money
  • Less land
  • Too much power

How to prevent:

  • Don't do so many at one time

hydroelectic

Renewable

Why?

  • To make electricity

Impact on earth:

  • Dames to keep up
  • In danger for floods

How to prevent:

  • Don't have so many dames build
  • Don't have dames build near people
  • Add sand to lessen the flooding

animals

Renewable Resource

Why?

  • To have food to eat and have pets to play/work with

Impact on earth:

  • Overgrazing
  • Increases/decrees in population

How to prevent:

  • Don't breed
  • Don't kill so much

plants

Renewable Resource

Why?

  • To have food to eat and to keep land

Impact on earth:

  • Can overgrow.

How to prevent:

  • Don't over plant.

oil

Nonrenewable Resource

Why?

  • Resources

Impacts environment when drilled:

  • Oil rigs are used to drill into rocks and pump out oil, oil spills are always a possibility, which would destroy surrounding wildlife.

Prevent harmful affects of oil drilling:

  • Don't drill oil.

wood

Renewable Resource

Why?

  • Harvested to provide resources like paper/wood products such as furniture, paper, plywood, etc.

Impacts environment when harvested:


  • When harvested in excess, (Deforestation), Oxygen levels decrease and carbon dioxide levels increase.
  • Habitat loss
  • Soil erosion rates speed up because the roots of plants are not there to hold it in place.
  • Photosynthesis will stop.

To prevent harmful affects of tree harvesting:


  • Reforestation, plant back all trees harvested
  • Selective cutting

natural gas

Renewable

Why?

  • for resources

Impact on earth:

  • can cause deaths
  • causes fire
  • takes a lot of money

How to prevent:

  • Don't drill so much
  • Don't have it near fire
  • Be protected when near it

peat

Nonrenewable Resource

Why?

  • Harvested to use for an additive to soil to make it more fertile.

Impacts on environment when harvested:

  • Destroys organisms that live there

To prevent harmful affects of peat harvesting:

  • Don't harvest it