Citizen, rights and public services



Definition of citizen: A citizen is a legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth, either native or naturalized person. An inhabitant of a city or town, especially one entitled to its privilegesor franchises.

This is highlighting that if you a part of a specific area for example leicester then you are part of that area, community and country but ony if you are registured.

Definition of citizenship: Citizenship is the position or status of being a citizen of a particular country . the character of an individual viewed as a member of society, behavior in terms of the duties, obligations. For example obeying by the rules of the community and country you’re living in.

This is defining that if you are apart of the community then you must follow the rules and laws provide to keep the population safe and secure. However you also are expected to do the things that are expected for you to do for example being part of the community.

Individual rights is defined as the freedom to act, work, and behave without retribution bestowed upon members of an organization through legal, regulatory and societal standards. An example for this would be the right of freedom of speech because people a have an opinion religion etc.

This is demonstarting that peole are allowed to do what they want but only within the law for example catching the bus when you want. But being rasist is a criminal offence so thats something you are not allowed to do because its breaking the law.

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Human rights act 1998

Human right act 1998

The Human Rights Act is a UK law passed in 1998. It means that you can defend your rights in the UK courts and that public organizations which including the Government, the Police and local councils, which must mean that everyone must be treated equally, with fairness, dignity and respect. The Human Rights Act protects all of us - young and old, rich and poor. Hopefully you will never need to rely on it, but every year hundreds of people do. The Human Rights Act may be used by every person resident in the United Kingdom regardless of whether or not they are a British citizen or a foreign national, a child or an adult, a prisoner or a member of the public. The human rights that are contained within this law are based on the articles of the European Convention on Human Rights. The Act ‘gives further effect’ to rights and freedoms guaranteed under the European Convention.

This is explaianing weather your black, white white, rich or poor then you are always protected by this law. This is to protect the citizens and the population of the united kingdom to be treated fairly and equal and thats all that they are asking.

What is it?

Human rights: is a right which is believed to belong to every person. An example of this is right to life because every is entitled to be a live

how to become a biritsh citizen?

To become a British citizen you have to do or be particular things, for example you’re 18 or over

you’re of good character, e. g you don’t have a serious or recent criminal record, and you haven’t tried to deceive the Home Office or been involved in immigration offences in the last 10 years

you’ll continue to live in the UK

you’ve met the knowledge of English and life in the UK requirements

you meet the residency requirement

And you must usually have:

lived in the UK for at least the 5 years before the date of your application

spent no more than 450 days outside the UK during those 5 years

spent no more than 90 days outside the UK in the last 12 months

been granted indefinite leave to stay in the UK permanent residence if you’re an EEA national

had indefinite leave to stay in the UK for the last 12 months

not broken any immigration laws while in the UK

what makes a good citizen?

A good citizen always obeys by the law. This is a good fact because if you have broken the law then you have a very low chance of nit being a good citizen and not following the rules. Also you wont be able to get into the public services.

· A good citizen contributes to society and the community by performing civic duty. This is saying that they sound want to make there society better for them and other people around them.

· Loves his or hers county and shows patriotism. This is saying that they are proud to be apart of there community, there society and their country.

qualities of a good citizen?:

Being honest is the most important characteristic of good citizen. This is because you are most likely be able to be trusted more then other being that arent so trust worthy. However being compassion is the emotion that you feel when you genuinely care for other people and living things. This is important because its good that you just don't think about yourself but you care about other peole around you and in your local area.

On the other hand, being respectful for self and others is an important citizenship trait. This is important becauase not just you but other people will want to listen to you and ask for your opion on things becase they valid you comment. Respecting others also means valuing different ideas and points of view.

Also having responsibility is the skill of becoming accountable and responding wisely. This is significant because people need to be able to do things with no exsquesses and jst do what is requeded. And having courage means doing the things that may be difficult or unpopular in order to help others. This is significaten because you need to have a good mental attuidue if you want or need to do so wthing that other people don't want to do, for example picking up rubbish.

Do you need to be one in the public services?

To be in the public services then you need to be a good citizen because for example you need to be a member of an Irish or English nationality or else you can’t join. This means that you need to be a member of society and also have to do the basic things like paying tax, contributing to the society and being honest. If you are not one, then you won’t be able to get into the public services at all.

The uniform public services need people interested in the community for example because people like that are more likely want to get involved with helping other and protecting them. However they will also wanrt to help with for example doing speed cameros etc.

How can citizens be protected by the human rights act 1998?

What is it? “The Human Rights Act is a UK law passed in 1998. It means that you can defend your rights in the UK courts and that public organizations (including the Government, the Police and local councils) must treat everyone equally, with fairness, dignity and respect.”

What does it do?

A few examples:

· The right to life – protects your life, by law. The state is required to investigate suspicious deaths and deaths in custody;

· The right to liberty and freedom – you have the right to be free and the state can only imprison you with very good reason – for example, if you are convicted of a crime.

· No discrimination – everyone’s rights are equal. You should not be treated unfairly – because, for example, of your gender, race, sexuality, religion or age;

Where it comes from?

European convention on human rights (ECHR) : this is a law that people have to follow. This contains people being protected and being allowed to have their human rights.