Earnest Hemingway

By 1957, Hemingway's daily alcohol consumption included Chianti in the morning, wine with lunch and dinner, nightcaps and about a quart of liquor throughout the day.

Hemingway bought the gun he used to commit suicide from Abercrombie & Fitch, which was a camping and gun store.

After Hemingway and his fourth wife Mary were injured in two consecutive plane crashes in Africa in 1954, first reports said he had been killed. Some American newspapers even published his obituary.

Although it was not used, he proposed the following epitaph for his tombstone: Pardon me for not getting up..

He was married four times, and dedicated a book for each wife during the time he was married to them.

His house in Key West, Florida, where he wrote a good deal of his literature, is now a museum in his honor.

One other interesting fact about his house is that the breed of cats that live there hereditarily have six toes on each foot, going back to Hemmingway's own cats.

Pictured on a 25¢ US commemorative postage stamp in the Literary Arts series, issued 17 July 1989.

Was awarded the 1954 Nobel prize in literature.

Hemingway suffered from bipolar disorder, then known as manic depression, and was treated with electroshock therapy at the Menninger Clinic. The therapy, he claimed, had destroyed his memory, which was essential to a writer, and he told his friend A.E. Hotchner that his memory loss was one of the reasons he no longer wanted to live. The condition was hereditary: Hemingway`s father Clarence likely suffered from it, as did at least one of his sisters, Ursula, and his only brother, Leicester, as did one of his sons, Gregory, and his granddaughter Margaux. In addition to Ernest, Hemingway`s father Clarence, his siblings Ursula and Leicester, and his granddaughter Margaux all committed suicide. His son Gregory died in police custody after being picked up in a stupor shortly after a sex change operation.

When he died in 1961, his estate consisted of $418,933 in various stocks and bonds, $801,766 in real estate, and $189,611 in notes, cash, and mortgages.

The city of Key West, Florida, has an Ernest Hemingway lookalike contest every year.

Much of his writing reflects his dissatisfaction with modern culture.

Ernest Hemingway believed that life was made meaningful by courage, as reflected in his many stories about characters who would fight and die bravely, regardless of whether they won or lost the battle

Hemingway wrote mostly about hunting, war, and other fights in life, both real and metaphorical.

Hemingway was awarded a Bronze Star for his bravery under-fire in World War II when he was a war correspondent.

Hemingway left trunks of material in the Paris Ritz in 1928 and did not recover them until 1957.

Hemingway’s sister and brother, and also his father committed suicide as well.

Ernest Hemingway and his fourth wife Mary are buried in Ketchum’s town cemetery in Idaho.

The FBI maintained an open file on Hemingway from World War II onwards.