---------------------by: Amanuel Assibe---------------------


The Syrian Civil War, also known as the Syrian Revolution, is an ongoing armed conflict taking place in Syria. The unrest began in the early spring of 2011 within the context of Arab spring protests, with nationwide protests against President Bashar al-Assad's government, whose forces responded with violent crackdowns. The conflict gradually morphed from popular protests to an armed rebellion after months of military sieges.

Type of conflict/effect on ethnic group/ spatial extent/scales played out

In Syria the conflict has gone to a whole other level the citizens are getting threatened with this such as cluster bombs, scud missile attacks, and other chemical weapons. An estimated 9 million Syrians have fled their homes since the outbreak of civil war in March 2011, taking refuge in neighboring countries or within Syria itself. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), over 3 million have fled to Syria's immediate neighbors Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan and Iraq. not all of the violence is local though most of the action they've seen recently has been defending the Lebanese Shiites living in over 20 border villages inside Syria, Russia has denied accusations that it is taking a side in the war or that it has a special relationship with the current Assad government, and has also accused other countries of aiding the rebels


  • Protests, civil uprising, and defections (January 2011 – July 2011)
  • Protests and armed insurgency (July 2011 – October 2011)

  • Escalation (November 2011 – March 2012)
  • Ceasefire attempt (April 2012 – May 2012)
  • Renewed fighting (June 2012 – July 2012)
  • Battles of Damascus and Aleppo (July 2012 – October 2012)
  • Rebel offensives (November 2012 – April 2013)
  • Government and Hezbollah offensives (April 2013 – June 2013)
  • Continued fighting (July 2013 – October 2013)
  • Government and Hezbollah offensives (October 2013 – December 2013)
  • Fighting between ISIL and other rebel groups (January 2014 – March 2014)
  • Continued government and Hezbollah offensive (March 2014)
  • Continued fighting (March 2014 – May 2014)
  • Presidential election (June 2014)
  • ISIL offensive and continued fighting (June 2014 – August 2014)
  • ISIL offensives and U.S. airstrikes (August 2014 – present)
Know Your News! Understanding the Syrian Revolution in Under 4 Minutes