The Modern Middle East

Created by Parker Bell and Garrett Ashley

Iraq and Syria

In Iraq and Syria, there is a terrorist group that has stricken fear into many people, ISIS. Standing for the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria. This group formed after the war in Iraq during 2003. When the war was over, the Shia switched from oppressing the Sunnis, to being oppressed by the Sunnis. When this happened, Shia militant groups flooded the country and attacking the U.S. troops. Since 2006, people in Iraq have been segregated by religion. Bashar al-Assad started a civil war in Syria, attracting the militant groups to Syria and expanding the ideals of the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI) already in place.
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Israel and Palestine

Though both Jews and Arabs date their claims to the land back a couple thousand years, the current political conflict began in the 20th century, after World War II. Jews fleeing persecution in Europe wanted to establish a national homeland in what was then an Arab territory in the British Empire. The Arabs resisted, seeing the land as rightfully theirs. An early United Nations plan to give each group part of the land failed, and Israel and the surrounding Arab nations fought multiple wars over the territory. Today's lines largely reflect the outcomes of these wars.


Current fighting between Israelis and Hamas seems much like the hostility the region has known for decades. The Hamas are a Palestinian faction that rules the Gaza Strip. This fighting began in the middle of July of 2014. Three weeks later, upward of 1000 Palestinians have died in Gaza; Israel has lost over 50 soldiers. Israel blames Hamas for breaking a 2012 ceasefire by abducting and murdering three Israeli teenagers. Hamas says Israel captured 50 or so Palestinian prisoners in the West Bank, some of whom had been released back to Palestine under a 2011 prisoner swap.

Contributions of Islam to the World

Geography: The Quran encourages people to travel throughout the earth to see God's signs and patterns everywhere. Islam also requires each Muslim to have at least enough knowledge of geography to know the direction of the Kabaa in Mecca in order to pray five times a day.


Mathematics: Muslim mathematicians excelled in geometry, as can be seen in their graphic arts, and it was Al-Biruni who established trigonometry as a distinct branch of mathematics. Other Muslim mathematicians made significant progress in number theory.The Muslims invented the symbol for zero, and they organized the numbers into the base 10 decimal system. Additionally, they invented the symbol to express an unknown quantity; for example, variables like x.


"We will show them Our signs in the horizons and within themselves until it becomes clear to them that it is the truth. But is it not sufficient concerning your Lord that He is, over all things, a Witness?" Surat Fuşşilat 41:53


This Invitation to explore and search made Muslims interested in the various braches of both mathematics and science. They had a very clear and firm understanding of the correspondences among geometry and astronomy.


Medicine: In Islam, the human body is a source of appreciation, as it is created by Almighty Allah. How it functions, how to keep it clean and safe, how to prevent diseases from attacking it or cure those diseases, have been important issues for Muslims. Prophet Muhammad urged people to "take medicines for your diseases", as people at that time were reluctant to do so. He also said,


"God created no illness, except that He has established for it a cure, except for old age. When the antidote is applied, the patient will recover with the permission of God."

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Citations

"What Are Israel and Palestine? Why Are They Fighting?" Vox.com. Vox.com, 31 Mar. 2014. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://www.vox.com/cards/israel-palestine/intro>.


Iraq Explained -- ISIS, Syria and War. Youtube.com. Youtube.com, 19 June 2014. Web. 28 Apr. 2015. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQPlREDW-Ro>.


"Muslims Contribution to the World of Science." Scienceislam.com. Islamtomorrow.com, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://scienceislam.com/muslims_science.php>.


McLaughlin, Ozy.com John. "Israel vs. Palestine: Why It's Different This Time." USA Today. Gannett, 01 Aug. 2014. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2014/08/01/ozy-israel-palestine/13455651/>.