The Modern Middle East
Created by Parker Bell and Garrett Ashley
Iraq and Syria
Israel and Palestine
Current fighting between Israelis and Hamas seems much like the hostility the region has known for decades. The Hamas are a Palestinian faction that rules the Gaza Strip. This fighting began in the middle of July of 2014. Three weeks later, upward of 1000 Palestinians have died in Gaza; Israel has lost over 50 soldiers. Israel blames Hamas for breaking a 2012 ceasefire by abducting and murdering three Israeli teenagers. Hamas says Israel captured 50 or so Palestinian prisoners in the West Bank, some of whom had been released back to Palestine under a 2011 prisoner swap.
Contributions of Islam to the World
Mathematics: Muslim mathematicians excelled in geometry, as can be seen in their graphic arts, and it was Al-Biruni who established trigonometry as a distinct branch of mathematics. Other Muslim mathematicians made significant progress in number theory.The Muslims invented the symbol for zero, and they organized the numbers into the base 10 decimal system. Additionally, they invented the symbol to express an unknown quantity; for example, variables like x.
"We will show them Our signs in the horizons and within themselves until it becomes clear to them that it is the truth. But is it not sufficient concerning your Lord that He is, over all things, a Witness?" Surat Fuşşilat 41:53
This Invitation to explore and search made Muslims interested in the various braches of both mathematics and science. They had a very clear and firm understanding of the correspondences among geometry and astronomy.
Medicine: In Islam, the human body is a source of appreciation, as it is created by Almighty Allah. How it functions, how to keep it clean and safe, how to prevent diseases from attacking it or cure those diseases, have been important issues for Muslims. Prophet Muhammad urged people to "take medicines for your diseases", as people at that time were reluctant to do so. He also said,
"God created no illness, except that He has established for it a cure, except for old age. When the antidote is applied, the patient will recover with the permission of God."
Iraq Explained -- ISIS, Syria and War. Youtube.com. Youtube.com, 19 June 2014. Web. 28 Apr. 2015. <https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AQPlREDW-Ro>.
"Muslims Contribution to the World of Science." Scienceislam.com. Islamtomorrow.com, n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://scienceislam.com/muslims_science.php>.
McLaughlin, Ozy.com John. "Israel vs. Palestine: Why It's Different This Time." USA Today. Gannett, 01 Aug. 2014. Web. 30 Apr. 2015. <http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/world/2014/08/01/ozy-israel-palestine/13455651/>.