Clauses

By: Chance Messier

What are clauses?

A way to grammatically organize a sentence, consisting of a subject and predicate.
  • Clauses have four different types, main, subordinate, adjective, and noun. All clauses have at least a subject and a verb.

Main Clauses

Every main clause have the this pattern: Subject + Verb = Complete thought.


  • it is important that every sentence must have at least one main clause. Otherwise it will be considered a fragment, which is grammatically incorrect.
  • Example:

Subordinate Clauses

Every subordinate clause will have this pattern: Subordinate conjunction + subject+ verb = Incomplete thought.

  • The important thing to remember about subordinate clauses is that they can never stand alone. To finish a sentence, there must be a main clause attached.

Relative Clauses

A relative clause will start with a relative pronoun (such as who, whom, whose, which, or that) or a relative adverb (when, where, or why).

  • The pattern for relative clauses looks like: Relative Pronoun or adverb + subject + verb = incomplete thought
  • Relative pronoun as subject + verb = incomplete thought