Islamic Contribution to Mathematics

Islamic Contributions to Culture

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Al-Khwarizmi and the Kitab al-Jabr Wa l-Mugabala

The mathematician, Al-Khwarizmi, is known as the father of algebra, even the word algebra comes from one of his books. His famous book of algebra, "Kitab al-Jabr Wa l-Mugabala," which translates roughly as "The Book of Reasoning and Balancing, was translated into Latin and became the most important mathematics text in European universities.
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Al-Khwarizmi and the Arabic Numerals

The translation of another one of his texts helped popularized Arabic numerals in Europe. Muslims learned to write numerals, with decimals and fractions, from Indian scholars. Arabic numerals made business and trade easier, easier to do calculations and check their work. Arabic numerals are still used around the world today.
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Al-Khwarizmi and Zero

Al-Khwarizmi also helped the spread of the Indian concept of zero. The word zero comes from an Arabic word meaning “something empty.” Zero was very important in calculations. Zero also made it easier to express large numbers, like 10 and 1,000. Al-Khwarizmi recognized zero as a very important part of math as well as its use symbolically.

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