What Makes You Beautiful

By:Briana Lea

Cotton

In the Indus River Valley in Pakistan, cotton was being grown, spun and woven into cloth 3,000 years BC. At about the same time, natives of Egypt’s Nile valley were making and wearing cotton clothing.

Arab merchants brought cotton cloth to Europe about 800 A.D. When Columbus discovered America in 1492, he found cotton growing in the Bahama Islands. By 1500, cotton was known generally throughout the world.

Cotton seed are believed to have been planted in Florida in 1556 and in Virginia in 1607. By 1616, colonists were growing cotton along the James River in Virginia.

Cotton was first spun by machinery in England in 1730. The industrial revolution in England and the invention of the cotton gin in the U.S. paved the way for the important place cotton holds in the world today.

Eli Whitney, a native of Massachusetts, secured a patent on the cotton gin in 1793, though patent office records indicate that the first cotton gin may have been built by a machinist named Noah Homes two years before Whitney’s patent was filed. The gin, short for engine, could do the work 10 times faster than by hand.
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Advantages

Advantages: extremly versatile; strong and durable; comfortable and soft; absorbs moisture.


Disadvantages:Not, resilient or elastic; wrinkles unless treated; shrinks in hot water.



Care: Easily laundered at high temperature; can be ironed at high temperatures



Uses: Shorts, sweaters, dresses, jeans, underwear, socks, diapers, towels, sheets, placemats, napkins,curtains.


Silk

Silk is a luxury fabric with an enchanting history.
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Silk comes from worms called silk worms they spin into a cocoon and the cocoon is made of silk.

Advantages

light weight, distinctive look (washed silk is remarkably light and comfortable).

Disadvantages

Kills silk worms and is easy to wrinkle, can be fragile - especially at the seams

Flax/Linen

Advantages: Stronger than cotton; comfortable absorbs moisture.


Disadvantges: No resillent wrinkles.

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Acetate

Advantages: Silk like appearance; soft and durable dries quickly


Disadvantages: May Wrinkle low abrasion resistance heat sensitive

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Rayon

Advantages: Soft and comfortable high moisture


Disadvantages: May wrinkle or shrink.

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Lyocell

Advantages: Exceptional strength; lustrous; soft drape.


Disadvantages: Wrinkle; susceptible to mildew and silverfish

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Nylon

Advantages: Very strong; resilient; lustrous; dries quickly


Disadvanages: May yellow or gray heat sensitive low.

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Olefin

Advantages: Unique wicking properties; strong and lightweight


Disadvantages: Doesn't absorb moisture and heat sensitive

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Polyester

Advantages: Excellent wrinkle resistance strong resistance to abrasion dries quickly.


Disadvantages: Absorbs oily stains; low absorbency.

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Spandex

Advantages: Excellent elasticity and recovery; stronger and more durable then rubber.


Disadvantages: Damaged by chlorine bleach; damaged by heat.

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