American Revolution

Socials Studies 9 Joel Haymour

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Important People and Events

George Washington: He was appointed commander of the colonist army on June 14, 1775. In 1776 he told his first political stand against the British parliament. Washington's leader ship, determination, and courage named his the colonies greatest asset. He held his army together and lead by example in the war and political stands.

Sons of liberty: They were a secret society formed to protect the rights of the colonies. They were best known for undertaking the Boston tea party. They threw 342 chest of tea overboard.

Benjamin Franklin: He was a state man, author, publisher, scientist, inventor, and diplomat. He severed in the second continental congress as helped drafted the decoration of independence in 1776. He was one of the fiver founder fathers of the united states of America.

Thomas Jefferson: He was the author of the declaration of Independence, 3rd president, and was selected as a delegate to the second continental congress and was asked to draft Declaration of Independence in 1779-1781.

John Adams: Second U.S president from 1797-1801. Used education to become a lawyer. He helped negotiate the treaty of Paris which officially ended American Revolution. John was first vice president and delegate to continental congress in 1770.

Boston Massacre
: This was the first battle of the war, Britain dispatched 4000 troops in Boston which killed 5 colonists. This was in 1770, and this vent made people look at the British ruling different.

Boston Tea Party: Was a protest against taxation and was under taken by Samuel Adams and the sons of liberty. They boarded 3 ships and threw 342 chest of tea overboard.

Stamp Act: A tax put on the American colonist by the British in 1765. It said they had to pay a tax on all printed materials. The stamps showed that the colonist payed tax. Colonist thought it was taxation without representation.

Intolerable Acts: It was a name for a series of punitive laws passed by the British Parliament in 1774. They were meant for punishing the colonist for the tea party act. The acts took away Massachusetts self government and historic rights. This made colonist very upset.

Quebec Act: Set procedures of government in the province of Quebec. Was brought a long with the other intolerable acts known as the Coercic acts. 1778 act had wide ranging affects.

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This is a picture of american colonist protesting against the British and their taxes by dumping the tea they were being taxed for into the water. They threw 342 chest of tea overboard. The colonist were getting frustrated and angry at the British for taxing everything so their responded with a protest against the British and their taxes by dumping the tea overboard, led by the Sons of Liberty.

activity 2: 8 battle summerys and major battle

6/16/1775 Battle of Bunker Hill

This was an act of protection by the colonist and was the first major battle of American Revolution. The Americans found out the British plans to attack so the Americans took high ground and the battle began. The Americans were running low on ammo near the end which forced them to retreat. The British defeated the americans and The British controlled most of Boston.

10/28/1776 The Battle of white plains, White plains New York

Following the retreat of Washington's army, British general landed troops in West Chester Country, intending to cut off Washington's escape rout. Washington heard news and retreated further but failed to establish firm control of high ground and the British drove Washington's troops further north.

12/26/1776 The Battle of Trenton, Trenton New York

Washington's crossing of the Delaware river north of Trenton New Jersey made it possible for Washington to lead the main body of the army against Hessian. A brief battle was fought and nearly all of Hessians solders were captured and Americans gained confidence.

9/11/1777 The battle of brandywine, near chadds ford, pennsylvania

As British march through the city, Washington sets up a block so they would be stopped but the British snuck up from behind and Washington ordered his troops to take high ground but in the confusion the Americans were not able to hold their ground.

10/4/1777 the battle of germantown, germantown pennsylvania

Washington planned to attack British at night when they were not expecting it. Washington separated his trips into 4 groups and everything was going good until 1 group hit dense fog and lost communication with others. In the confusion the British were alerted and then defeated the Americans.

3/29/1780 The siege of charleston, charleston south carolina

The americans had less fire arm, men and equipment which caused them to be not as strong as their enemies. This was a major battle which took place near the end of American Revolution and it was a biggest lost for Americans. Close to 3000-5000 troops were lost.

10/17/1780 the battle of king mountain, near blackburn sc and king mountain nc

Americans took control of the high ground and gave them an advantage early. The British were not expecting this attack and Ferguson, the British leader, tried to lead the British in the attack but was killed and the confusion of the british with no leader gave them a disadvantage. This led the Americans to a big victory.

3/15/1781 the battle of guilford courthouse, guilford courthouse north carolina

At the Battle of Guilford Courthouse on March 15, 1781, some 1,900 British soldiers under Cornwallis went on the offensive against Greene’s 4,400 to 4,500 Continental troops and militia. The battle raged for around two hours before Greene ordered his troops to retreat, giving the British a tactical victory but allowing Greene’s army to remain mostly intact. More than 25 percent of Cornwallis’s men were killed, wounded or captured during the battle.

Major battle

10/9/1781 the battle of yorktown, yorktown virginia

This was the last battle of the American Revolution and certainly one to remember. Washington and the Americans had the upper hand with 17000 troops against British General Lord Charls Cornwalls and his 9000 troops. Washington had a great idea to block in Cornwall and his troops by circling around them and then moving in from all directions. Right off the bat the Americans had an upper hand while the British were in confusion. The French were a big reason why the Americans had the upper hand. With the help from the French, Cornwall and the British stood no chance. Cornwall and his troops keep retreating but then Cornwall decided to attack early one morning and succeeded. He gained some firepower and took quit a bit of prisoners. Eventually Cornwallis wrote to Lieutent General Henry Clinton on October 10 calling for aid. He knew that they couldn't with stand much more. Cornwallis wrote again later on stating "very critical". Then at 9:00 October 17th the British wove a white flag. Shortly after the Treaty of Pairs was written and the American colonist finally won the American Revolution and more importantly they won their independence.

Result/Outcomes of american revolution

Treaty of pairs

Shortly after the final battle of the American Revolution, the battle of Yorktown, the Treaty of Pairs was signed by Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and Johns Day. The Treaty of Pairs was signed on September 3, 1783. The 13 states were now free from Britain and were free to join together and become the Unit States of America. It granted the U.S significant western territories. Britain troops were no longer welcome in the colonies. The treaty said that the British had to recognized the independence of the Americans and that the British had no claim over land or government in the colonies anymore.

declaration of independence/global impact

The Declaration of Independence was a document stating why the colonist wanted independence from Britain. The document stated that everyman is equal and theres a freedom to happiness. Thomas Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence. This document had a massive global impact because it made others realize that they can get there own independence too. It was a role model for other counties and inspired them to throw off chains of tiarny. It led other countries to their own independence as well. to this day the Declaration of Independence is celebrated as American Day, on July 4.
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This is a picture of the present day United States of America. I chose this picture because the colonist were the reason that America has spread out to be this big powerful country. The colonist use lived in the purple and the British were trying to take it over and own the land so they could be even bigger and gain money. The colonist thought this was there land and they didn't want the British apart of it. This led to the American Revolution. With the Americans wining the revolution, they gained full control of the purple land and thanks to the Treaty of Pairs they were able to expand all the way across the grey land that is now all apart of the United States of America.

American revolution

I think the American Revolution was justified for 3 main reasons. First of all, Great Britain had taxed the colonies to death to pay for a war that wasn’t even in the American colony’s interest. The colonist were being taxed for everything and thought it was unfair. With these taxes that the colonists were forced to pay, came no representation in Parliament. Because of this, a group of colonists created a document called the Declaration of Independence, which listed all the reasons for abolishing Great Britain’s rule over the colonies. Secondly, the British were not letting the colonist have a say in what happened in Briton. All they wanted was a voice. The colonist figured if they don't get a say in what happens in their own country, then its no really their country and they don't want anything to do with it. So the colonist came together and formed their own government and army. Lastly, the colonist thought their rights were being ignored through the Magna Carta and the Bill of Rights. Briton didn't care though because they were getting money. In conclusion, Thomas Jefferson said it best. When any form of Government becomes destructive of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness it is the people’s right to alter or abolish it.