Lance Edward Armstrong (born Lance Edward Gunderson) was born on September the 18th, 1971. He is an American former professional road racing cyclist. Armstrong had won the Tour De France seven consecutive times between 1999 and 2005.
Details about the sport
Success and accomplishments
Competes as a sponsored athlete in triathlons, making him a professional athlete at 16.1991
Becomes U.S. National Amateur champion.1993
Wins ten titles including the U.S. Pro Championship, and stage 8 in the Tour de France, and at 22 is the youngest road racing world champion ever.1995
Named the 1995 Velo News American Male Cyclist of the Year.
Wins the 18th stage of the Tour de France.
Becomes the first American to win the Classico San Sebastian.
Ranked the number one cyclist in the world.
Becomes the first American to win the Belgian classic Fleche Wallone.
Member of the 1996 Olympic team.
Signs with team Cofidis.
Marks his return to cycling by winning the Sprint 56K Criterium in Austin, Texas.
Finishes the year by winning the Tour de Luxembourg, the Rheinland-Pfalz Rundfarht in Germany, and the Cascade Classic in Oregon.
Wins the Tour de France, including the opening prologue.
Finishes second at Paris-Camembert and third in the French Dauphine Libere and Classique des Alpes.
Wins the Tour de France.
Wins the Tour de France for the third straight year.
Wins the Tour de France, becoming one of five riders who have ever won four Tours de France.
Wins a fifth Tour de France in five years.
Wins a sixth Tour de France. He seals the event by winning five stages and the team time trial.
Wins three consecutive mountain stages.
Wins his seventh and final Tour de France on July 24.
In November, Armstrong finishes 232nd in the ING New York City Marathon.
In April, Armstrong finishes the Boston Marathon in the top 500.
In May, Armstrong is recognised as one of Time magazine's 100 Most Influential People.
In June, Armstrong places first in the Nevada City Classic—one of the most difficult professional cycling races in the United States.
In July, Armstrong finishes third in the Tour de France.
Adversity Armstrong overcame to make a comeback in cycling
Immediate surgery and chemotherapy saved his life. Armstrong had an orchiectomy to remove his diseased testicle. After his surgery, his doctor said that he had less than a 40% survival chance.
How long was he out of cycling before he made his comeback?
Other info related to his comeback
The standard chemotherapeutic regimen for the treatment of this type of cancer is a mixture of the drugs containing bleomycin. Armstrong, however, chose an alternative mix in order to avoid the lung toxicity associated with bleomycin. This decision may have saved his cycling career. His brain tumours were surgically removed and found to contain extensive destruction of brain cells.
Armstrong's last chemotherapy treatment was received on December 13, 1996. In February 1997, he was declared cancer-free.
By January 1998, Armstrong was already engaged in serious training for racing, moving to Europe with the team.
Sport psychology techniques that helped Lance in his comeback
Lance Armstrong's comeback relied on motivation and goal setting. The motivation he required was not only extrinsic such as winning the Tour De France again or gaining respect from society but intrinsic motivation too. This type of motivation included succeeding for other cancer survivors/sufferers and proving to himself that he would not be a victim of cancer but rather and survivor and thriver.
Armstrong's first short term goals were to undergo as many treatments and operations as possible to ensure his survival and marking his return to cycling by winning the Sprint 56K Criterium in Texas. His long term goals consisted of living through his apparent terminal disease, continuing with cycling and beginning a foundation for sufferers of cancer.
Lance's performance related goals were to regain his endurance and strength by competing in races and finishing them. As for his outcome related goals he intended on winning the Tour De France in 1999 and continuing to pursue his career as a professional cyclist.