Demographics of Canada in 2060
By Evan Feldman
Canada is currently a country reliant on its immigration, one of the top 25 in the world in terms of net migration rate (as of 2014). With a fertility rate considerably less than the replacement fertility rate (the number of children that each women would have to have to mimic the population numbers of the last generation), Canada's population is only increasing thanks to our immigration. The major countries that feed our immigration are, in this order, China, India and the Philippines.
- Population (2013) - approx 35,160,000
- Fertility Rate (2011) - 1.61 (average number of children per woman's lifetime)
- Birth Rate (2010) - 10.28 (number of births per 1,000 people that year)
- Death Rate (2010) - 7.87 (number of deaths per 1,000 people that year)
- Infant Mortality (2014) - 4.71 deaths/1,000 live births
- Population Density (2011) - 3.79 people/square km
- Ethnic Origin (2011): Canadian 32.2%, English 19.8%, French 15.5%, Scottish 14.4%, Irish 13.8%, German 9.8%, Italian 4.5%, Chinese 4.5%, North American Indian 4.2%, other 50.9%
- Languages (2011): English (official) 58.7%, French (official) 22%, Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, Spanish 1.3%, German 1.3%, Cantonese 1.2%, Tagalog 1.2%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5%
 percentages add up to over 100% due to option to select multiple heritages
FNMI Situation Today
In terms of demographic statistics, the number of Canadians with Indian Status has been increasing over time. The Aboriginal population is also younger than the non-aboriginal Canadian population with lower percentages of seniors compared to the Canadian population. This has been credited to the higher fertility rates and lower life expectancies, qualities that resemble a less developed country.
Canada in 2060
In terms of living conditions and personal luxuries, I expect Canada to continue to be a well developed, economically stable, immigrant friendly country in the year 2060. In terms of population and demographics, I expect Canada to have shifted towards a Stage 5 country, with even lower population increase rates and a higher dependency ratio.
I expect the fertility rates to become even lower in 2060. This is due to improving health care to reduce child mortality (a factor that raises fertility rates) and the fact that this trend of lowered fertility rates is already in place. Due to these low fertility rates, the overall population will also increase at a slower pace.
Attached are two videos about the effects of aging on the global population. The first video talks about global perceptions of how to care for the elderly and shows the effects of immigration counteracting the economic strain of dependents. The second shows possible problems caused by global aging and different goals we will need to achieve to keep our economy afloat.
Future FNMI Situation
In terms of demographics, I expect the number of Status Indians to continue its rapid growth as I do not predict a decline in child mortality or an increase in development. Due to this growth in comparison to the rest of Canada's, I also expect the youth population to rise considerably, meaning that they may be able to begin improving their economic situation.
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Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
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Nazareth, Linda. "Canada in 2060: Why Good Policy Now Matters." The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail, 09 Nov. 2012. Web. 05 Mar. 2015.