Vis Art I YEAR LONG
Visual Art I YEAR LONG- Module 3 Christo Critique - Art Criticism
You will see lists of possible descriptions, so pick which ones apply to the artwork you are writing about. In this case, Christo. You will be writing in essay form, not listing or bullet points:
A Way to Talk/Write About Art
Step One: Description – What do I see?
Include The Facts
1. The Credit Line
A. List the name, title, year, medium, size, and location of the artwork.
B. When listing the medium or media of the artwork consider the processes used to create the artwork.
1. Drawing Media: crayon, pastel, pencil, marker, etc.
a. Drawing processes: hatching, crosshatching, blending, stippling, etc.
2. Paint Media: acrylic, oil, watercolor, water-soluble oil, gouache, egg tempera, tempera, watercolor, etc.
a. Paint processes: pouring, staining, brushing, dry brushing, etc.
3. Printmaking Media: ink, paint, plates, etc.
a. Printmaking processes: relief, intaglio, lithography, screen printing, etc.
4. Sculpture Media: wood, clay, found objects, metal, etc.
a. Sculpture processes: modeling, carving, casting, assembling, etc.
5. Craft: clay, glass, wood, fiber, metal, etc.
a. Craft processes: pottery, glassmaking, weaving, quilts, baskets, jewelry, metal
6. Architecture Media: sticks, bark, ice, leaves, grass, leaves, bricks, stone, wood, steel, iron, concrete, etc.
a. Architectural processes: post-and-beam construction, dome, vaulted halls, arches, etc.
7. Photography Media: prints, film, digital, video
a. Photography processes: analog, digital systems, digital programs, etc.
2. The Subject: What is the subject of the work and what objects are included in the artwork?
A. Examples could include:
trees young people old people rocks flowers water animals boats food sky
B. Also include pertinent details of the objects and subject matter of the artwork.
3. The Culture/Time Period: What culture or historical art time period was the work of art created in?
prehistoric Mesopotamia Egypt India China Japan
Islam Africa Olmec Mayan Aztec Inca
Native American Greece Rome Byzantine Romanesque Gothic
Renaissance Baroque Dutch Rococo Neoclassicism
Romanticism Realism Impressionism Post-Impressionism Expressionism
Cubism Surrealism Regionalists Abstract Expressionism Pop and Op Art
Color-Field Painting Minimalism Architecture Post-Modern
4. The Elements of Art: What elements of art are used in the artwork? Please address these as you feel comfortable and/or according to what we have studied in class.
1. What kinds of lines do you see?
implied contour calligraphic gesture
2. What adjectives would describe the lines that you see?
long short rough smooth wavy zigzag sharp fuzzy diagonal thick thin curved jagged vertical straight heavy horizontal choppy
B. Shape, Form and Space:
1. What kinds of shapes do you see? Is one kind of shape used more than others?
2. What kind of space did the artist choose to use?
positive space negative space
3. If the object is 3-D, how does the object relate to space?
Freestanding high-relief bas-relief hologram kinetic
4. Is there a particular point of view to the work?
high low eye-level
5. How did the artist create the shapes or forms in space?
natural manufactured chiaroscuro perspective background placement highlights foreground overlapping converging lines
1. What hues do you see? Are some hues repeated more than others?
2. Do the colors have value? Do you see tints or shades?
3. Do you see high or low intensity colors?
4. What color schemes did the artist choose to use?
monochromatic analogous split-complementary complementary color triads warm cool arbitrary tonality
5. Did the artist use optical color?
1. Do you see value ranges from dark to light?
1. What kinds of texture do you see? Is there a texture repeated more than others?
rough smooth matte shiny hard soft
2. How did the artist create texture?
collage frottage grattage decalcomania
Step Two: Analysis– How is the Artwork Organized?
The Composition: Composition is the way the principles of art are used to organize the elements of art. You want to explain how the principles below organize the elements of art, which you listed in step one, to create the composition of the artwork you are writing about:
1. What principles of art are used to create the composition?
A. Rhythm and Movement
1. What kind of rhythm or repetition is used to organize one or more of the elements?
visual rhythm motif pattern
2. What type of rhythm is used?
random (no regular rhythm), regular (think the same line, shape,etc repeating), alternating (think ab pattern or abc pattern), flowing progressive (think a rhythm that is moving in a direction, like a river).
3. How did the artist use rhythm to create movement?
visual movement kinetic
1. What kind of balance is used to organize one or more of the elements?
formal symmetry radial
2. How did the artist create balance?
size and contour color value weight
1. How did the artist use proportion to manipulate one or more of the elements?
The Golden Mean scale hierarchical proportion
elongated shortened realistic proportion exaggeration
D. Variety, Emphasis and Harmony
1. How did the artist use the principle of add interest to the elements in the work of art?
2. How did the artist use emphasis to add interest to the elements in the work of art?
subordinate dominate focal point contrast isolation
location convergence the unusual harmony
3. How did the artist use harmony to add interest to the elements in the work of art?
4. How did the artist use unity to add interest to the elements in the work of art?
simplicity repetition proximity
Step Three: Interpretation– What is the Artist trying to Communicate?
What is the content of the artwork?
1. The following are some of the most common functions of art. Why do you think the artist created the work of art?
A. Personal Functions: Artists create to express personal feelings.
B. Social Functions: Artists produce art to reinforce and enhance the shared sense of identity of those in a family, community, or civilization.
C. Spiritual Functions: Artists create art to express spiritual beliefs.
D. Physical Functions: Artists and craftspeople constantly invent new ways to create functional art.
E. Educational Functions: In the past, many people could not read and art was often created to provide visual instruction.
2. Based on the subject of the artwork, do you think the artist is:
A. Primarily concerned with imitating nature?
B. Trying to recreate or explore people or real world events?
C. Borrowing ideas from myths and legends for visual imagery?
D. Expressing spiritual and religious beliefs?
E. Exploring creative techniques?
F. Being influenced by artists of the past?
G. Developing visual ideas commissioned by employers?
H. Interested in expressing a feeling or emotion?
I. Concerned with composition only?
3. Does the name of the artwork tell you about its meaning?
4. The following are some words that may help you interpret the artist’s use of the elements and principles of art:
static (rest) inactivity instability tension activity excitement nervousness open closed no emotion dramatic heavy fluffy dynamism energy movement serious solemn stability formality feeling decorative natural calm strength hope peace mystery beauty hate sadness war love anger death happiness madness adventure enjoyment of work old age work fun interest in lines courage design horror loneliness interest in shapes repulsiveness boring arbitrary lifeless unique
Step Four: Judgment – Is this a Successful Work of Art?
Personal Judgment and Aesthetic Theory
1. Based on the description, analysis, and interpretation, a work of art is judged in two ways.
A. Do you like the work of art? Why or why not? Could you live with it in your house? Use the facts you have already written about to help you decide.
B. Is this an aesthetically successful work of art? Use one or more of the three aesthetic theories to help you decide.
1. Literal Qualities: the realistic qualities that appear in a work of art.
a. Imitationalism: The artwork is successful if you believe that the realistic presentation of subject matter is the most important aspect of the artwork. Perhaps you believe that artwork should imitate life and that it should look lifelike before it can be considered successful.
2. Design Qualities: how well the work is organized.
a. Formalism: The artwork is successful if you believe that composition is the most important factor in a work of art. Perhaps you believe that emphasis on the design qualities in a work of art is what makes a work of art successful.
3. Expressive Qualities: those qualities that convey ideas or moods.
a. Emotionalism: The artwork is successful if you believe that a work of art must arouse a response of feelings, moods, or emotions in the viewer. This theory is concerned with the content of the artwork
4. Functional Qualities: those qualities that make the object functional or useful in everyday life. Functionalists examine the purpose of the object: does it function properly?
a. Functionalism: The craft or object is successful if you believe that a work must be useful or functional to everyday life. This theory is concerned with the purpose of the object and its possible use in a culture or society.
Be sure to look at the instruct videos for how to upload your images to Canvas. There are several steps you have to take. 1) You must download your images from your camera to your computer as jpegs. 2) Edit your photos in pixlr.com or editing software to rotate your image and crop if need be and then re-save your computer. 3) Go to ACCOUNT (left side of page) and then click FILES in Canvas to upload your jpegs to CANVAS. Change the dimension at this point, by typing 300 in the first dimension size box. 4) Finally upload your images to the assignment text box using the image icon (mountains/sun). You will find when you click on it, that three tabs pop up. Pick the second tab, CANVAS, and under it you will see MY FILES. Your photos should be there where you uploaded them to Canvas. Any other way is not the right way, so you must follow the procedure, please :)
Live Class Module 3
Be sure to watch the live class archive first before writing!!!
Visual Art I Live Class Module 4 - Tuesday 6pm
Live Class Module 3
Be sure to watch the live class archive first before writing!!!
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Due Date for Module 3 for Vis Art I Fall 2017 TONIGHT.
Due Date for Module 2 for Vis Art I YL TONIGHT.