New England Colonies
Massachusetts Plymouth Rock
Massachusetts was founded in 1630 by John Winthrop. The Puritans wanted to create a colony where they would be free to practice their religion. Plymouth Rock was founded in 1620. It was founded because the Pilgrims thought they could rule themselves. Many settlers made their money by sheep's and goats. They would use the sheep's for clothing. Farming was difficult in Massachusetts, crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn, pumpkins, rye, and squash. The Massachusetts Bay Colony was a royal province under a charter. William Bradford was annual election of government 30 times. John Winthrop was the first governor whole Massachusetts colony. They had a town meeting but you had to be a participate on owning land and belong to the church. The population in Massachusetts was strongly more Puritans and its governance was dominated by a small group of leaders who were strongly influenced by Puritan religious leaders. Puritans and people like Scot-Irish moved to Massachusetts. Massachusetts was originally inhabited by tribes of the Algonquian language family such as Nipmuc and Pocomtuc. The Algonquian tribes inhabited the area prior to European settlement. Many Indian tribes died due to diseases that the Europeans had. Puritans sailed to New England to flee religious persecution in England. Although it was illegal at the time to settle in New England without permission, the Puritans found a legal loophole that they used to their advantage. Many puritans went to Massachusetts to have religious freedom and a better life. They eventually gain a majority in Parliament. Salem witch trial was in issue in Massachusetts back than. People thought that some women were witches and did all sort of things. They would use voodoo dolls to do something to other people. Some thought that rats would eat bread crumbs and someway make the women into witches. The people would throw women or witches in the water and if they drown than they were not witches and if they didn't drown than they were.
New Hampshire was founded in 1623. It was founded for land grant given seven years previously by the Council for New England to Captain John Mason. New Hampshire made their living through fishing, farming, cutting and sawing timber, shipbuilding, and overseas trade. New Hampshire was formally organized as an English royal colony. New Hampshire human population was prior to European settlement. Dutch, English, and French navigators throughout the 1600s were settling in New Hampshire. The Indian tribes of the Algonquian language group lived in the region. Pennacook were organized in a loose confederation centered along the Merrimack Valley. There was not so much conflict with Indian tribes and white colonist. Puritans came to New Hampshire to have religious freedom, just the same as Massachusetts. The Roman Catholic was build later on by Quakers and Baptists. Later on Irish, French, and Italians started going to New Hampshire for religious freedom and go to the Roman Catholic church. An event that happen in New Hampshire were just Puritans wanting religious freedom.
Rhode Island was founded in 1636. It was founded by Roger Williams who had been banished from the Massachusetts colony for religious tolerance and the separation of church. It was established for power driven textile mills. Rhode Island made their money on industry with agriculture, mining, and fishing. They had poor soil but planted pumpkin and beans. Rhode Island was governed by a Charter colony. Rhode Island was densely populated and highly industrialized. The first settlers from Europe was France. Giovanni da Verrazano was the first person to explore Rhode Island. The Narragansett Indians inhabited the area from what is now Providence south along Narragansett Bay. The Narragansett Indians destroyed the company of English soldiers. After that, the Narragansett Indians burned Providence. Rhode Island has long been a model of religious pluralism. Rhode Island was populated with catholic religion. Nothing really important happen with religion. Roger Williams was known for religious freedom. He wanted to go to a place where he could find a good place to live. After Roger Williams, many other people went for religious purposes.
Connecticut was founded in 1635. It was founded by Thomas Hooker and his followers for political and religious freedom after a disagreement with Massachusetts Bay. Connecticut farming was difficult for crops like wheat because of the poor soil but corn. Connecticut was governed as a Charter colony. Connecticut formed the first written constitution called the fundamental orders of Connecticut. People would go to Connecticut for a better life. The first European settlers were Dutch. The Dutch established two forts on the Connecticut River. Pequot Indians were living in Connecticut back in the 1600s. The Connecticut colonists feared the Pequot Indians because small raiding parties attacked their settlements. The Pequot perceived them as a threat to their supremacy in the area. Later on the Pequot War of 1637 in which the Pequot were defeated. The Pequot War was about conflict with Pequot Indians and English colonists. At the end, seven hundred Pequot were dead or taken into captivity.