Chapter 15 information

Bologna, Knights, and Serfs

Bologna

- One of the first European universities along with Italy, Paris, and France.


- Is the largest city, and also the capital of Emilia-Romagna Region in Northern Italy.


- Seventh most populated city in Italy.


- University of Bologna, located in Bologna, was founded in 1088.


- Bologna was the first Italian city and it was also the 47th European city.


Knights

- Warriors in armor who fought on horsebacks.


- They wore coats of mail- armor made from medal links.


- They carried swords and shields.


- Knights would charge enemies, spearing them with their lances.


- From the A.D. 700s to the 1200s, armored knights on horseback were the most powerful soldiers in Europe.


- Given a title of knighthood by a monarch.

Serfs

- They were peasants.


- Could not leave the manor or own property.


- The could not marry without the lord's approval.


- Lords had the right to try serfs in their own court.


- Serfs were not enslaved, however.


- Lords could not sell the serfs or take away the land given to serfs to support themselves.


- Lords had to protect the serfs, and had to provide them the safety they needed to grow crops.


- They worked long hours.


- It wasn't easy for them to gain freedom.


- They wore ragged, old clothing.