Revolutionary Era

Malia Garcia 5th Period

Summary of the Road To Revolution

The Road to Revolution started with the Proclamation of 1763 when it stated that colonists could not settle West of the Appalachian Mountains. Next came loads of taxes from the sugar act. Placing taxes on molasses and sugar imported by colonist. The quarrying act made colonists more upset by making them house British soldiers. The stamp act place even more taxes by requiring colonist to pay for an official stamp, or seal, when bought paper items. The angered colonists formed a secret society called "The Sons of Liberty", sometimes used violence to scare the tax collectors. All these taxes made the colonists more and more angry at Britain. The Boston Tea Party infuriated Britain. The colonists were already angry. They declared war.
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Lexington & Concord, 1775

1. Two battles happened in this event.

2. British were forced to retreat to Boston, suffering many casualties along the way.

3. This battle began the Revolutionary war

4. "Shots heard 'round the world"

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Common Sense, 1776

1. Was a pamphlet made by Thomas Paine, for the King of England. It argued that citizens, not kings and queens, should make laws

2. News and work spread throughout the colonies, selling some 500,000 copies.

3. Common Sense changed the way many colonists viewed their king.

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Declaration of Independence, 1776

1. It declared that the colonies break from Great Britain. Making then free (independent)

2. The three documents that influenced the Declaration of Independence was The Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, and the Mayflower Compact

3. Colonists were clear for their writes when writing King George III.

4. Was written by Thomas Jefferson

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Battle of Saratoga, 1777

1. Was the first war the Americans won.

2. Served as a turning point in the war. Made America not look so hopeless

3. The British generals viewed the Americans as rebels who were ignorant farmers who could easily be swept away.

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Winter at Valley Forge, 1777-1778

1. This represented a major test for the new Continental army

2. Washington and his men faced harsh weather, desertions & many suffered from diseases and pneumonia.

3. Two foreign volunteers, Baron Von Steuben & Marquise De Lafayette helped Washington and his men.

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Battle of Yorktown, 1781

1. This was the battle that British surrendered.

2. Genereal Washington managed with the French to force General Charles C. & the main British army into a corner at Yorktown, Virginia. British soldiers were forced to surrender in October 1781. British general Charles C. did not take part of the surrender. He was really "embarrassed" basically. This was the last major battle of the war.

3. When the British government heard about the news they decided to give up the fight.

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Treaty of Paris, 1783

1. Was a document that formally ended the American Revolutionary war.

2. This document stated that: 1. The British recognized the independence of the colonies. 2. The British promised to remove all troops from the country. 3. The new western boundary of America was the Mississippi river.

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