Summer Literacy Learning
Lessons and decodables for Consonant Blends such as pl, fl, sl, bl, fr, br, gr, pr, sm, sp, or st
Lessons and Decodables for Vowel Teams such as ai, ay, ue, ew, au, aw, oi, oy, y, oa, eigh
Lessons and Decodables for Complex Consonants such as soft c, soft g, tch, wr, gn,
Lessons and Decodables for Multi-Syllable Words such as open syllable, closed syllable, le, review of other patterns in multiple syllable words.
Activities to Learn Letters and Sounds
Here are some fun activities to practice letters and sounds over break.
- · When driving in the car, play games such looking for letters such as HEB, CVS, McDonalds, Wendy’s, Walmart, etc. Have child say the beginning letter they see and say the sound it makes.
- · Look or toys and objects in your home and ask the sound they hear and the name of the letter. Such as what sound do you hear at beginning of batman? What letter makes that sound? This can also be done in the kitchen while cooking, or any activity.
- · When dressing, brushing teeth, washing hands, bathing etc. talk about the beginning sounds. For example, what sound do you hear at beginning of tooth? What letter makes the /t/ sound?
- · Outside, write letters with sidewalk chalk or a 2-inch paintbrush and water, then have him say the sound the letter makes.
- · Play the “I Spy Game” I spy something that begins with the letter h. After the child identifies the object, ask what sound they hear at the beginning.
- · Use magnetic letters and have him place letters in ABC order on cookie sheet or refrigerator. Then randomly as name and sound of different letters.
- · SWAT the letters! Give them a fly swatter. Now add a large piece of paper with some letters on it and call out letters for them to swat. Let him tell you what letter sound he swatted.
- · Make letters out of playdough, and then say the sound of letter.
- · Write the letters in the air using arm, then say the sound
- · Read a short children’s book daily, to student. Teach them how we take care of books, talk about what they see/hear in story. Have students locate letters in book and say the sound of letter.
- · Find letters in newspaper and magazines. Find a picture of something that begins with that letter. Cut and paste pictures and letters.
- · There are many free ABC apps, which can be used for short time periods.
- · OCCard Deck and Phonogram Sounds are helpful free apps to check pronunciation of sounds.
How to Sound Out at Home
- When a child stares at a new word....."Look at the first letter and say the sound." or "Get your mouth ready to start the word."
- When a child says the first letter's sound correctly but says a word that is incorrect..."Say it slowly like when you write it." or "Look through the word."
- When a child looses his/her place in their reading and begins making up words that match the picture.."Let's back up and re-read. This time, point to the words as you say them." or "Keep your eye on the words, like keeping our eyes on the ball."
- When a child says a word that might look like the word in the book but isn't correct..." You said______. Does that make sense?" or "You said _______. Does that sound right?" or "You said ________. Does that look right?"
Building Reading Comprehension
With this strategy, students will READ small chunks of text, STOP to monitor their understanding, and then THINK within, about, or beyond the text. Many comprehension skills can be applied at these stopping points, and you can do this with both fiction and non-fiction texts.