Temperate Grasslands

Ashnah Samuel


Temperate grasslands are called different names depending on where they are located. In North America, we call temperate grasslands the prairies, while in Russia they are called the steppes and in South America they are known as the pampas. The weather in a temperate grassland differs greatly between the summer and winter seasons. Winter often brings very cold temperatures, at times even snow, while summers here can get as hot as 100°F. As far as plant life is concerned, grass is the most important plant found in this biome, but flowers such as lilies, orchids, and sunflowers also grow in this habitat. Due to the deficiency of shelter against predatory species and the prosperous amounts of grass used for food which can be found in all temperate grasslands, the animal populations found in different temperate grasslands are very similar throughout the world. In addition to this, some of the most nutrient and dark soil in the world can also be found in the temperate grasslands.

Humid Pampas (Argentina)

Five Themes of Geography

Location: Approximately between 34° and 30°S, and 57° and 63°W.

Place: The Humid Pampas are made up by large areas of plains and pastures and take up nearly one quarter of Argentina's total land area. Its climate is mostly humid and warm and it has an average rainfall of 1,000 mm a year. The soil found in this area is of the richest in the world.

Movement: Connects the provinces of Buenos Aires, Santa Fe, La Pampa and the south eastern part of Córdoba.

Region: Central-eastern Argentina

Human-Environment Interaction: Considered one of the most endangered habitats in the world, the conversion of the grassland into farmland has posed serious threats to the area. Overgrazing, bringing in domestic livestock, and fertilizing has stripped it away over the years. Currently there are over 15 mammal species, 20 bird species, and 15 plant species that are at a risk of becoming extinct in the pampas.