The 7 principles

By Eddie Connolly

Popular sovereignty

My explanation- the ultimate power with the people

Quote- We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.

In action- the 19 amendment

Republicanism

Explanation- people exercise their power by delegating it to representatives chosen by them through the election process

Quote -The United States shall guarantee to every state in this union a republican form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion; and on application of the legislature, or of the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened) against domestic violence.

In action- Article II provides for a President and a Vice President to be elected every four years.

Federalism

Explanation - the power divided between state and fedaral governments.

Quote-The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defense and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;

In action- the different speed on highways and laws with them.

Separation of Powers

Explanation -Power within the national government is divided among three separate branches

Quote in constitution-The Constitution contains no provision explicitly declaring that the powers of the three branches of the federal government shall be separated. James Madison

In action - the three different branches do different a things

Checks and Balances

Explanation-Each branch of the national government has certain controls (checks) over the other two branches.

Quote-article I, for example, gives Congress the power to impeach, try, convict, and remove from office officers of the other two branches. Article I also gives the President the power to veto any bill passed by the Congress.

In action- the Executive Branch can veto bills from the Legislative Branch, but the Legislative Branch can override the veto.

Limited Government

Explanation- Government’s power is limited by the rule of law which includes the Constitution and the laws which are passed in pursuance of that Constitution. This means that government is not all-powerful.

Quote- Also, the Supremacy Clause of Article VI makes the Constitution, only those laws made in pursuance of the Constitution, and treaties the “Supreme Law of the Land"

In action-An example of this would be the First Amendment, prohibiting the government to restrict our freedom of speech.

Individual rights

Explanation- Personal freedoms, personal protections, and equality

Quote- "The privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it."

"No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed."

In acton- freedom of speech

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