Ø The purpose of a procedure is to tell the reader how to do or make something.
Ø The information is presented in a logical sequence of events, which is broken up into small sequenced steps.
Ø The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe.
Types of Procedural Texts
Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity
recipes, rules for games, science experiments, road safety rules, how to do it manuals.
Texts that instruct how to operate things
how to operate an appliance, a machine, the photocopier, the computer
A procedure usually has four components
Goal or Aim states what is to be done
Materials listed in order of use
includes items needed to complete task
Method a series of steps
Evaluation how the success of the procedure
can be tested
Headings, subheadings, numbered steps, diagrams, photographs
are often used to help clarify instructions.
The text usually:
· is written in the simple present tense (do this, do that)
· focuses on generalized people rather than individuals (first you take, rather than first I take)
· the reader is often referred to in a general way, i.e. pronouns (you or one)
· action verbs (cut, fold, twist, hold etc)
· linking words to do with time (first, when, then) are used to connect the text
· detailed information on how (carefully, with the scissors); where (from the top); when (after it has set)
· detailed factual description (shape, size, colour, amount)