Procedural Text

3rd Grade

Procedural Text

Ø The purpose of a procedure is to tell the reader how to do or make something.

Ø The information is presented in a logical sequence of events, which is broken up into small sequenced steps.

Ø The most common example of a procedural text is a recipe.

Types of Procedural Texts

Texts that instruct how to do a particular activity

recipes, rules for games, science experiments, road safety rules, how to do it manuals.

Texts that instruct how to operate things

how to operate an appliance, a machine, the photocopier, the computer


A procedure usually has four components

Goal or Aim states what is to be done

Materials listed in order of use

includes items needed to complete task

Method a series of steps

Evaluation how the success of the procedure

can be tested

Headings, subheadings, numbered steps, diagrams, photographs

are often used to help clarify instructions.


The text usually:

· is written in the simple present tense (do this, do that)

· focuses on generalized people rather than individuals (first you take, rather than first I take)

· the reader is often referred to in a general way, i.e. pronouns (you or one)

· action verbs (cut, fold, twist, hold etc)

· linking words to do with time (first, when, then) are used to connect the text

· detailed information on how (carefully, with the scissors); where (from the top); when (after it has set)

· detailed factual description (shape, size, colour, amount)

Following Directions to make a Simple Kite

How to Blow a Bubble Gum Bubble Writing

PBS KIDS | Curious George | George Makes a Piñata