Sickle Cell Anemia

By: Chandler Newbold and Riley Schultz

The Cause of Sickle Cell Anemia.

  • Sickle Cell Anemia is caused by a point mutation in the gene that tells your body to make hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is the red, iron-rich compound that gives blood its red color.
  • The 11th chromosome is affected to cause Sickle Cell Anemia.
  • Sickle Cell Anemia can be passed down from generation to generation.

How does Sickle Cell Anemia affect the human body?

  • Sickle Cell Anemia is a disorder that affects the red blood cells, which uses a protein called hemoglobin to transport oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body.

Day to Day with Sickle Cell Anemia...

  • People who have this disease have a higher risk of having strokes or getting infections.
  • People with Sickle Cell Anemia can experience complications from impaired blood circulation and infection-fighting problems.
  • People with Sickle Cell Anemia have a 20-30 year lower life expectancy.
  • People with Sickle Cell Anemia may develop Jaundice, severe pain, and acute chest syndrome.

Sickle Cell Anemia most commonly occurs in...

  • Sickle Cell Anemia is most common among people from Africa, India, the Caribbean, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean.

Treatments for Sickle Cell Anemia...

  • Antibiotics such as Penicillin
  • Folic acid, is a vitamin that helps the body produce new red blood cells.
  • Bone marrow transplants
  • Pain medicines
  • Rest
  • Extra fluids
  • Scientists are also studying gene therapy as a future treatment for Sickle Cell Anemia.

Interesting Facts

  • Sickle Cells got their name from their shape since they look like a sickle used to cut hay.
  • About 1 out of every 12 African-Americans has sickle cell trait and about 1 out of every 100 Latinos has sickle cell trait.
  • Sickle Cell shaped cells live up to 10-20 days unlike normal red blood cells which live up to 120 days.
  • 1 out of 500 African-American babies have sickle cell.
  • In 1973, the life expectancy for people with Sickle Cell was 14 years old.