Down Syndrome

By: Madison Owensby

About Down Syndrome

Another name for this disorder is Trisomy 21. The cause of this disorder is a chromosome making three of a kind. The chromosome is Chromosome 21.
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Can you do tests?

Yes, there are prenatal tests that can be done before the baby is born. The tests are called amniocentesis and chronic villus sampling.

What are the symptoms?

Flattened facial features, short neck, small head, protruding tongue, upward slanting eyes, unusually shaped or small ears, poor muscle tone, broad short hands, and short height.
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What population is affected?

Approximately 400,00 people in the United States. Someone can be a candidate for this disorder. How is it inherited? It is inherited by sex-linked.

Medical assistance?

It depends on the mental and physical problems of the treatment they will need depending on their condition. They can either get amniocentesis or chorionic villus sampling. They will occasionally need help doing some tasks but they can perform well as they get older and learn more. Little is known about the long term outlook for the affected child.

Any treatments or cures?

There are treatments but no cures yet.

  • Early Intervention
  • Physical therapy
  • Speech-language therapy
  • Occupational Therapy
  • Emotional and behavior therapy
  • All of these therapy's help them to go through every day to day tasks.

Can you prevent it?

No, there is no way to prevent it because the child is born with down syndrome.

What is their future like?

They will try to prevent from down syndrome people from having kids but if they do then yes, the children will be affected.

What is the current status of research?

Doctors are trying to come up with a way for a cure but for right now there is no cure.

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