Shakespeare and Hamlet

Personal Life

Shakespeare was born in Stratford upon Avon, England. We believe that he was born on April 23, 1564. He also died on April 23, but in 1616. He lived until he was 52. Shakespeare was a child of 7. Married to Anne Hathaway in 1855. Has 3 children—a daughter and a set of twins.

Work of Shakespeare

In the early 1590s, Shakespeare at this time was writing and acting. Not only was he a writer and actor, he was also a businessman. He built the largest open air amphitheater in London, the Globe Theatre. Shakespeare had introduced almost 3,000 words to the English language. 7,000 words were also used in one of his plays. Total, his plays made up 884,429 words. He wrote 37 plays and 154 works that we know of. Shakespeare's writing is the second most quoted behind the bible.

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Collage of Shakespeare's works

Krummeck, J. (2014). The Food of Love [Photograph]. Retrieved from

Fun Facts

The phrases that we still say today, we can thank Shakespeare for. Phrases such as: "Fight Fire With Fire", "Heart of Gold", Knock knock jokes, etc.


Hamlet was a play written during the first part of the seventeenth century. Probably around 1600 or 1601. This play was first performed in July 1602. It was first printed in 1603 and enlarged in 1604. The setting of the play is in Denmark in the late medieval period.
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Book Review: Hamlet [Photograph]. (2013). Retrieved from

Characters of Hamlet

Hamlet: Prince of Denmark—Protagonist

Claudius: King of Denmark—Hamlet's uncle

Gertrude: Queen of Denmark—Hamlet's mother

Polonius: Lord Chamberlain of Claudius's Court

Horatio: Hamlet's close friend

Ophelia: Polonius's Daughter

Laertes: Polonius's son and Ophelia's brother

Fortinbras: Prince of Norway

The Ghost: Hamlet's deceased father

Rosencrantz and Guildenstern: Courtiers of the play.

Themes and Motifs

Themes: Certainty—uncertainty, Action—acting recklessly and foolishly, Death, Revenge, Suicide

Motifs: Misogyny, Ear and Hearing


Shakespeare uses stress in his plays.

Poem expresses their rhythm by a Poetic meter

Dactyl: a metrical foot of 3 syllables. First stress and the second and third unstressed

Trochee: A stress syllable followed by an unstressed one

Iamb: a reverse trochee. First is unstressed the second syllable is stressed

Iambic Pentameter (Shakespeare favorite): each line of verse is made up of 5 two syllable iambs for a total of 10 syllables

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I took a character quiz and my results were Hamlet.