Natural Disaster in Uttarakhand

June 2013

Reasons for the disaster.

Natural reason:

  • From 14 to 17 june 2013 indian state of uttarakhand had nerby received heavy rainfall
  • The rain fall was above benchmark which was above 375 percent
  • a multi-day cloudburst centered on the state uttarakhand caused devastating floods and landslides
  • Due to Continuous Rain the ChorabariDue to Continuous Rain the Chorabari Glacier melted and this triggered theGlacier melted and this triggered the flooding of the Mandakini riverflooding of the Mandakini river
  • Which led to heavy floods nearWhich led to heavy floods near Gobindghat, Kedar Dome,Gobindghat, Kedar Dome, Rudraprayag district, UttarakhandRudraprayag district, Uttarakhand

Man maid reasons:
  • The Uttarakhand Disaster have been officially termed a natural calamity caused by cloudbursts and unprecedented heavy monsoon rainfall.
  • However, the true causes of the epic tragedy is growth of tourism, unchecked Rapid increase of roads, hotels, shops and multistory housing in ecologically fragile areas and unplanned construction are the reason for landslide
  • Also Rapid growth of hydroelectricity dams that disrupt water balances and this also triggered the action of disaster
  • More than 220 power and mining projects are running in 14 river valleys in Uttarakhand.
  • Several rivers are being diverted through tunnels for these projects leading to major disasters in the state.
  • Deforestation is also one of the most important factor of uttrakhand disaster, which cause frequently landslide

Historical significance of places in uttaraknand where disaster was more severe

  • More than 12,000 pilgrims were stranded at Badrinath the popular pilgrimage center located on the banks of the Alaknanda river.
  • The Kedarnath temple itself was not damaged, its base was inundated with water, mud and boulders from the landslide, damaging its perimeter.
  • Most of the destruction at Kedarnath was caused by a sudden rapid melting of ice and snow on the kedarnath mountain, 6 km (3.7 mi) from the temple, which flooded the Charbari lake (upstream) and then Kedarnath.

Some temples which were destroyed

Steps taken by the government

  • "The Air Force has deployed 13 more aircraft taking the number of aircraft for relief and rescue operations to 43," I&B Minister Manish Tewari told reporters here.
  • Tewari said the Railways along with the Uttarakhand government has also offered to send all stranded passengers free of cost to their respective destinations.
  • The Indian Air Force has deployed its heavylift Mi-26 helicopters to transport fuel and heavy equipment required by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) to clear roads closed due to landslide.
  • The IAF has also activated advanced landing grounds at Dharasu and Gaucher and set up an airbridge to evacuate stranded persons.
  • To a poser on whether like Congress he expects other political parties to donate a month's salary of their MPs and MLAs for Uttarakhand relief fund, he said he would leave it to their discretion.

Steps taken by the local community

  • Local people have always been supportive of our efforts and played a big part in the success of its ventures.
  • Local people distribute food to rescued pilgrims near IAF base camp in Dharasu

Thank you