Iran Geography

Savannah Bekkers - Philip Lee - Swathi Sarathy


What seasons does your country have and what causes them?

Iran is called the country of four seasons. Summers and winters are typically long and harsh, whereas spring and fall are short and mild. It can snow in Iran during the winter if you are living in the northeast. Winters in the southeast are not too cold. It rains a lot in spring but its usually very nice outside. Summer in Iran is very hot and dry. The fall is usually a short with mild, comfortable temperatures.

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Identify ten different land or water forms and explain how they were created.

  1. A peninsula is a landform that is bordered by (or touches) water on three sides. The Al-Faw Peninsula is an example of this in the country of Iran. It touches the Persian Gulf on three sides.

  2. The Sarbaz River Valley was formed by flowing water, the moving of soil, and and the gathering of broken pieces of rock

  3. Iran is part of the Asian Continent. At one point, all the continents were right next to each other. As time passed, the continents slowly moved away from each other to form separate continents that we know today!

  4. The Zagros Mountains were created by the smashing of two landmasses

  5. The Persian Gulf was created as water from the Indian Ocean flowed towards the continents. The water began to break away parts of the land, forming the Persian Gulf

  6. The Dasht-e-Kavir Desert was formed by the heavy movement of grain by the wind.

  7. Lake Urmia formed as areas around the lake grew higher. As a result, water could not flow out of the lake, which eventually helped the lake grow

  8. The Mehran River was created as water from the Indian Ocean began flowing outward

  9. The Strait of Hormuz was created by men to connect the Persian Gulf to open waters of the Indian Ocean

  10. The Shahi Islands formed when the level of the water rose and separated the land from shore.


What climate types exist in your country and explain their locations.

The north is a Temperate climate with extremely cold winters and the area around the Caspian coast is a Subtropical climate with lots of rain, snowy winters and humid summers. The center is desert and semi desert with almost no rain and warm winters with extremely hot summers.
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Describe what biomes are in your country and why they exist.

Iran has three biomes. One is desert, where it gets very hot in the day and cold during the night. The other is Temperate, where the winters are very cold and the summers are mild.The other is Subtropical with lots of rainfall and hot summers.

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Natural Disasters

What natural disasters has your country faced, and what causes them?

The hurricanes and earthquakes sometimes happen in Iran. Earthquakes are common in Iran because the whole country is riddled by faultlines. Hurricanes do not happen as often in Iran compared to earthquakes. Hurricanes form near the Indian ocean and move northwest, first hitting India before hitting Iran. Hurricanes bring rainfall and powerful winds which can cause power outages in Iran.
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"Iran Earthquake." BBC News. BBC, 8 Dec. 2012. Web. 25 Apr. 2013. <>.

Jandia, Rick. "The Seasons of Iran." Tourism: Iran. Country Facts, 29 Mar. 2010. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <>.

Khosravi, Mahamood. "4.3 Impacts of El Nino/Southern Oscillation(ENSO) On The IRAN South East Summer and Autumnal Precipitation Anomalies (2002 - 13ac10av_13applied)." 4.3 Impacts of El Nino/Southern Oscillation(ENSO) On The IRAN South East Summer and Autumnal Precipitation Anomalies (2002 - 13ac10av_13applied). Isfehan University and Sistan & Bluchestan University, 14 May 2002. Web. 26 Apr. 2013. <>.

"Natural Disasters." Natural Disasters & Weather. National Geographic, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2013. <>.