Botswana

1st Period - Ben R.

Geography

Botswana is located in Southern Africa right above the country South Africa. The districts in Botswana are Central, Ghanzi, Kgalagadi, Kgatleng, Northwest, Northeast, Southeast, and Souther. The 3 major cities are Francistown, Molepolole, and Serowe. The capital is Gaborone. The country borders Namibia, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. It is 581,730 sq km and is slightly less than Texas. The climate is semiarid, warm in the winters, and hot in the summers. The natural resources are diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, and silver. The major rivers are the Limpopo, the Molopo, the Shashe, the Linyate, and the Okavango Rivers. The major landforms are the Kalahari Desert and Okavango Delta. The problems caused by desertification in Botswana are overstocking, large-scale vegetation depletion and changes, especially around water points, and accelerated soil erosion by wind, sheetwash and gullying.

History

400-Earliest archaological evidence of farming and iron work

Early 1800s-Permanent settlement established by the kwena people

1860s-Tswana peole appeal british protection

1867-Prospectors drawn by gold in the region

1920-An elected european council is formed

Culture

The ethnic groups are Tswana, Kalanga, and Basarwa. The main language is Setswana. The main religion is Christianity. There are 2,155,784 people living in Botswana. The holidays in Botswana are New Years Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Labour Day, Ascension, Sir Seretse Khama Day, Presidents Day, Botswana Day, Christmas Day, and Boxing Day.
♫ Botswana National Anthem ♫

Government

Botswana is headed by a president. The National Assembly, the country's chief legislative body, elects the president to a five-year term. The people elect most members of the Assembly except for four members who are elected by the Assembly itself from a list of candidates proposed by the president. Assembly elections must be held at least once every 5 years. Citizens who are at least 18 years old are allowed to vote. The president selects a cabinet from the National Assembly. The House of Chiefs, made up of the leaders of the nation's major ethnic groups, advises the government on matters that affect ethnic customs

Economy

Botswana has a stronger economy than most African countries. Since the 1960s there economy has rapidly grown. The leading industry in Botswana is diamond mining. More than a fourth of Botswana's population are farmers. Botswana's chief exports are beef, diamonds and other mineral products, and textiles. Leading imports include chemicals, food, machinery, petroleum, and transportation equipment.

Top Places To Visit

Okavango Delta
Chobe National Park
Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park
Nxai Pan National Park
Central Kalahari Game Reserve