Disecting Standard 17

Fascism- an authoritarian and nationalism right-wing system of government and social organization.

Benito Mussolini

  • In 1919, Mussolini organized his fascist movement in the northern city of Milan. He formed squads of street fighters who wore black shirts. His "Black shirts" beat up socialist and communists and threw them out of local governments.
  • Mussolini's fascist movement quickly gained the support of anti-communist business people. property owners, and middle-class professionals like teachers and doctors.
  • The early fascist program was a mixture of left and right wing ideas that emphasized the intense nationalism, productivism, antisocialism, elitism, and the need for a strong leader. Mussolini's oratorical skills, the postwar economic crisis, a widespread lack of confidence in the traditional political system, and a growing fear of socialism, all helped the fascist party to grow to 300,000 registered members by 1921.

Adolf Hitler

  • Hitler thrived for a people's community; and he achieved his goals by military control and dictatorship over the government.
  • He created the Nazi Germany, where they believed in only ONE race.


  • Japanese political theorists also added European fascist elements to conform their movement to one similar to European style dictatorship.
  • Everyone worshiped Hirohito. Everyone put his words and ideas first before everyone else's.