Ukraine

By: Yadira Abeu and Jasmine Muniz

Ukraine's Capital,Major Languages, Location, and Population

  • capital-Kiev
  • languages-The official language of Ukraine is Ukrainian, an East Slavic language which is the native language of 65% of Ukraine's population. Russian is the native language of 33% of Ukraine's population and the rest (2%) are native speakers of other languages. Ethnologue lists 40 minority languages and dialects; nearly all are native to the former Soviet Union.
  • location-Southeastern Europe
  • Population-Ukraine's population is 45,426,249,their average age is:

    0–14 years 14.8%

    15–64 years 69.9%

    65 and over15.3%

and their life expectancy is 71.37 years.

Ukraine's top 3 major landforms

  1. Brebeneskul-a peak in the Chornohora region of Ukraine, with height of 2,035 meters above sea level. The second hightest peak of Ukraine.
  2. Rebra- a peak in the Chornohora region of Ukraine, with height of 2,001 meters above sea level.
  3. Menchul- a peak in the Chornohora region of Ukraine, with height of 1,998 meters above sea level.




Ukraine's Top 3 Major Geographical Landmarks

  1. Medieval Russia-The great churches of the Rus', built after the adoption of Christianity in 988, were the first examples of monumental architecture in the East Slavic lands. The architectural style of the Kievan state, which quickly established itself, was strongly influenced by the Byzantine. Early Eastern Orthodox churches were mainly made of wood, with the simplest form of church becoming known as a cell church. Major cathedrals often featured scores of small domes, which led some art historians to take this as an indication of the appearance of pre-Christian pagan Slavic temples.
  2. Russian Empire- As Ukraine became increasingly integrated into the Russia Empire, Russian architects had the opportunity to realize their projects in the picturesque landscape that many Ukrainian cities and regions offered. St. Andrew' Church of Kiev (1747–1754), built by Bartolomeo Rastrelli, is a notable example of Baroque architecture, and its location on top of the Kievan mountain made it a recognizable monument of the city. An equally notable contribution of Rasetrelli was the Mariyinsky Palace, which was built to be a summer residence to Russian Empress Elizabeth.
  3. Ukrainian Baroque- Ukrainian Baroque emerged during the Hetmanate era of the 17th-18th centuries. Ukrainian Baroque architecture, representative of cossack aristocracy, is distinct from Western European Baroque in that its designs were more constructivist, had more moderate ornamentation, and were simpler in form.

Ukraine's Top 3 Major Bodies of Water

  1. Dnieper-Bug Estuary
  2. Southern Buh
  3. Black Sea

Ukraine's Top 3 Major Cities

  1. Kyiv
  2. Kharkiv
  3. Dnipropetrovsk

Ukraine General Seasonal Weather Conditions

The climate of the Ukraine can be described as dry and continental influenced climate with warm, dry summers and fairly severe winters. January is the coldest month with daytime temperatures usually around 0°C, but in some cases winter months can be quite colder with temperatures far below zero, about -20°C or lower and strong, cold northeasterly winds, called Bora. Heavy snowfall or even snowstorms are also possible on some days.In summer daytime temperatures reach 25-30°C, but sometimes quite higher, 35°C or more, especially in the inland areas.

Ukraine's Average Rainfall

Ukraine's average rainfall is about 87 mm. Rain often falls with sometimes heavy Thunderstorms, but mostly along the coastal areas of the Black Sea. These Thunderstorms often occur at the end of the day.

Ukraine's Average Temperatures

Ukraine has a humid continental climate with warm summers and no dry season.

The warm season lasts from May 20 to September 5 with an average daily high temperature above 71°F. The hottest day of the year is July 21, with an average high of 81°F and low of 63°F.

The cold season lasts from November 22 to March 9 with an average daily high temperature below 39°F. The coldest day of the year is January 27, with an average low of 20°F and high of 29°F.

Effects that Climate Has On Business

Russia’s incursion into Ukraine’s Crimean peninsula and its subsequent incorporation into Russia have caused growing apprehension on the market that could lead to a decrease in foreign investment, a rise in capital outflows and deteriorate Russia’s overall economic situation. Currently, the US and the EU have already imposed their initial sanctions (concerning financial assets, property freeze and visa restrictions) to a list of key individuals from Russia, Ukraine and Crimea who were either directly or indirectly involved in the current political crisis over Crimea. It has to be stressed that the direct impact of these imposed sanctions haven’t been significant yet. However, due to heightened geopolitical and strategic risks in the region and likelihood of further EU and EU sanctions, one could expect more significant impact of sanctions on investment and business climate in Russia. Recently, S&P, Moody, Fitch ratings have reduced Russia’s credit rating outlook to negative due to the above-mentioned reasons.

Ukraine's Type of Government

The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine commonly referred to as the Government of Ukraine is the highest body of state executive power in Ukraine. The first modern national government of Ukraine was established in 1917 as the regional government of the Russian Republic - General Secretariat.

Ukraine's Major Religions

Ukraine in religious geography lies on the boundaries separating Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Islamic spheres of influence. Traces of the cultural influence of Catholic Lithuania and Poland, of Kievan and Muscovite Orthodoxy, and of Tatar and Ottoman Islam combine with the Soviet legacy of promoting atheism to shape the various present-day beliefs and professed beliefs of Ukrainian citizens.

Ukraine's Top 3 Holidays,Food, and Clothing

holidays:

  • 8 March - International Women’s Day
  • 6 July - Ivan Kupala Day
  • 24 June - Youth Day

food:

soup- Borshch is a vegetable soup made out of beets, cabbage, potatoes, tomatoes, carrots, onions, garlic, dill. There are about 30 varieties of Ukrainian borscht. It may include meat or fish.

  • Salads and Appetizers- Kovbasa: various kinds of smoked or boiled pork, beef or chicken sausage. (hot dogs without buns) typically eaten for breakfast.
  • Breads-Babka: Easter bread, usually a sweet dough with raisins and other dried fruit. It is usually baked in a tall, cylindrical form.
  • clothing:
  • Kobeniak is a Ukrainian traditional male outer garment. A similar terms are Hungarian for "cloak", "mantle", "overcoat", and a historical Polish garment, kopieniak,all terms being derived from the Turkish garment kepenek, which is a shepherd's garment. Kobeniak is also called burka Burka, kireya, or siryak.
  • kozhushanka- is a traditional Ukrainian sheepskin coat.
  • shalwar qameez,- is a traditional outfit originating in South and Central Asia and is a generic term used to describe different styles of dress. The shalwar kameez can be worn by both men and women, although styles differ by gender. The shalwar and the kameez are two garments which have been combined to form the shalwar kameez outfit.
  • Meaning of The Flag

    As a national flag, the blue and yellow bicolor was officially used since the 1848 Spring of Nations when it was hoisted over the Lviv Rathaus. It was officially adopted as a state flag for the first time in 1918 by the short-lived Ukrainian People's Republic. When Ukraine was part of the Soviet Union, the flag was outlawed and before 1949 there was no official state flag until adoption of the red-blue flag of the Ukrainian . People who were hoisting the blue-yellow flags in the Soviet Ukraine were prosecuted as criminals. The blue and yellow flag was provisionally adopted for official ceremonies in September 1991 following Ukrainian independence, before finally officially being restored in 1992.

    Mode of Transportation

    There are all types of transportation such as ground :automobile, rail, horse-drawn, and by water: sea, river, aerial, and pipeline. Work of all transport modes depend on a transportation infrastructure and its logistical base.

    Top 9 Traveling Tips

    Number 9:
    Mushrooms and berries are staples of Ukrainian meals, yet, both tend to absorb radiation more than other foods since the Chernobyl disaster. Most mushrooms sold in restaurants are not grown locally, but home-grown berries sold from street vendors are best avoided.


    Number 8:
    Kiev is considered a con artist’s paradise by some and foreigners are an easy mark. If a “transport inspector” asks to see an ID, ask for your own proof of identification otherwise you may be “fined” for not having the “right” ticket. Pickpockets are considered by some to be an effort at full employment, so watch your wallet, too!

    Number 7:
    Kiev may be a bustling cosmopolitan area, but people still sometimes drive on the pavements to get around a car. Watch the traffic. Learn to hold your place in queues too, as locals, after years of waiting in grocery lines only to discover that no food remained, can be a bit pushy. Hold your ground.

    Number 6:
    Don’t ignore the Ukrainian babushkas that wander the streets of major cities. Many are self-taught homeopaths and true believers in herbal remedies to cure what may ail you. Wormwood is a particular favorite, purported to ease toothaches, coughs, fever, kidney and liver distress, and even memory.

    Number 5:
    Ukrainians are superstitious, and while it may be tempting to sit down on steps or walls to rest your body, don’t be surprised as a woman if someone admonishes you in Ukrainian. Women sitting on concrete risk freezing their ovaries which will make them unable to bear children.

    Number 4:
    If you are lucky enough to be invited to a Ukrainian family’s house, to better cement relations between your respective cultures, remember these tried and true tips: bring a small gift to your host; inform your host if there is something you cannot eat to avoid offense and only refuse an alcoholic drink for health reasons; take off your shoes when entering a home and don’t shake hands across the threshold as this is bad luck. Finally, if you are not much of a drinker, don’t try and keep up with your hosts. Ukrainians are experts in toast-making and vodka consumption.

    Number 3:
    If you are traveling by train between western and southern Ukraine, you might be traveling through Moldovia, in which case you need a visa. To avoid being tossed off a train en route, ask the person selling you your ticket or ask someone to ask for you if the train goes through Moldovia.

    Number 2:
    Hiking in Crimea is better accomplished with a guide. With a lack of English maps or English signs, a guide is imperative.

    Number 1:
    Perhaps the most important tip we can impart to you as you begin your Ukrainian journey is slow down. Don’t rush through cities or landscapes, don’t try and “do Ukraine” in a week. Ukrainians are welcoming and friendly people and to rush through your itinerary means that you miss the best part the country has to offer.