Badminton Study Guide

Aubrie Kappes

History and Origin

Badminton was originated in Ancient Europe and Asia. When they played it was called battledore and shuttlecock, which began around 2,000 years ago. This game was played by many wealthy and upper-class families in England and a lot of Europe.

This game started in India but was called 'poon'. People would hit a shuttlecock over a net. Officers from England noticed this game being played and brought it back to England. People who visited the Duke of Beaufort at his home 'badminton' would play this game. It soon began popular after people got the hang of playing. They ended up changing the name to badminton because it was played at the Duke of Beaufort's house.

Types of Equipment

  • Badminton racket
  • Badminton shoes
  • Shuttlecock
  • Badminton string
  • Court is 20ft x 44ft in doubles and 17ft x 44ft in singles
  • Net that is 5ft tall

5 Types of shots

The 5 types of shots in badminton are:

  • Clear : When you hit the shuttlecock either overhead or underhand and it goes high and deep in the other opponents court.
  • Smash : When you hit the shuttlecock overhead and down at full force, following through. This sends the birdie fast at the ground towards the other opponent.
  • Drop shot : When you hit the shuttlecock overhead and it drops right after it passes the net. You do not follow through on this hit.
  • Hair pin : This shot is when you hit the birdie underhand low over the net and it lands right on the other side of the net. This is a good shot if your opponent is deep in the court.
  • Drive : This shot is when you hit the shuttlecock forehand or backhand hard over the net to the other team. This shot is parallel to the floor.

General Rules

There are a lot of different rules in badminton. Here is a list of rules:

  • If the shuttlecock lands on the line it is considered in
  • If you are serving and you miss the birdie entirely then you get a re-do
  • You can move around out of your position to get the shuttlecock, but you must return to your position when the play is over
  • You can go out of the boundaries to get the birdie
  • If the ball is coming towards your face you can block it with your racket
  • After every game you switch sides

Serving Rules:

  • Only the serving team can score points
  • The server HAS to serve the shuttlecock UNDERHAND and BELOW THE WAIST
  • The serve has to go diagonally across the court, behind the opponents short serving line
  • In doubles the first serve of each inning is always on the right side of the court
  • In singles the serve is only served on the right side if your score is an even number, meaning you move to the left side when your points are odd
  • Once a person on one team loses a rally the shuttlecock is passed on the the other teammate
  • If the ball HITS THE NET and GOES OVER into the correct service box t is considered "IN"
  • Every PLAYER gets 1 "down" and each TEAM gets 2 "downs" (In the first inning the serving team only gets 1 "down")


  • If the person serves above their waist, or above their hand
  • If the birdie doesn't go cross court and the wrong person receives the ball
  • If the service team or receiving team has their foot in the wrong spot during the serve
  • The birdie falls outside the boundaries, or passes through the net, or under the net
  • Player's body and/or racket touches the net
  • Shuttlecock is hit twice in a row
  • When the birdie hits a person inside our outside the boundaries is a fault on the opponent

Strategies to Play

One good strategy is to serve the shuttlecock deep and high in the opponents court so they are forced to move for the ball. A different strategy is to look at the opponents strengths and weakness at adjust what you do to what they can't do. If they are really good at getting high serves, then adjust your serve to a lower serve that they are not very good at.


Ace - A serve that the other team is unable to hit

Backhand - A type of hit where you cross over your body and hit the ball on the other side that your racket isn't on

Baseline - The back line on the court

Center Line - The line that divides the right and left sides of the court

Fault - A foul shot such as the ball hitting the net, or the birdie being out of court

Let - When there is a little issue and you have to replay it, such as if you completely miss the shuttlecock when trying to serve you get a let and it is replayed

Rally - When the birdie is getting hit back and forth across the net

Serving team - The team that is serving

Receiving team - The team that is receiving the serve

Side out - When the serving team loses the serve

Inning - When the serving team serves until the rally is over

Match - Winning 2 out of 3 games