Chapters 12-14

Warlord- military leaders who run government

Economy- organized way in which people produce, sell, and buy things

Reforms- changes that brought improvements

Monasteries- where people meditate and worship

Porcelain- made of fine clay and baked at high temperatures

Tribes- groups of related family

Gobi- vast desert that covered parts of Mongolia and china

Treason- disloyalty to government

Census- count of the number of people

Novels- long fictional stories

Barbarians- uncivilized people

Griot- story teller

Axum- city state

Dhows- sailboats

Clan- group of people descended from the same ancestors

Sultan- leader

Swahili- language

Constitution- plan of government

Shrines- holy places

Samurai- warriors

Shogun- commander of all emperors military forces

Daimyo- territories headed by powerful military lords

Vassal- assistant of a daimyo

Feudalism- bond between vassal and daimyo

Sect- small religious group

Martial arts- sports that involve combat and self defense

Meditation- long time of prayer while sitting silent and motionlessy

Calligraphy- the art of writing beautifully

Tanka- older form of poetry

Guild- group formed to protect and increase profits