France

By: Ishan Nikam, 5/11/15, Period 6

Weather

The coldest time of the year in France is the beginning and the end of the year. In winter, the temperatures are about 30 to 40 degrees. In the summer, the temperature is 50 to 80 degrees. The best time to visit France, if you're thinking about it, is in the summer. That's when the temperatures are very warm. The average yearly rainfall in France is about 34 inches per year, or 867 millimeters per year.
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Culture

A huge variety of languages are spoken in France. These include Breton, French and German along with dialects of these languages. Other, less spoken languages include Flemish, Italian, Basque, and even Arabic.


Some popular holidays celebrated in France are:


  • Easter- This holiday is celebrated much like it is celebrated here. In the morning, children go on an Easter egg hunt. This gives them the chance to enjoy the chocolates inside of the eggs.
  • Bastille Day- Bastille Day is celebrated every year on July 14. On this day in 1789 a mob seized the prison Bastille. This day is thought of to be the start of the French Revolution. It is celebrated with fireworks, parties, dances, and parades.
  • All Saints' Day- This holiday is a day to remember and honor all saints, whether they are well known or not. This occurs on November 1. Special church services are attended. This day is a day to spend time with family and stay in a peaceful atmosphere.
  • All Souls' Day- This occurs on November 2. This is a day to honor the dead. Usually, families go to the cemetery. There, they lay flowers on relatives' graves, and they light candles to symbolize happiness.

90% percent of the people in France are Roman Catholic. 3% of the population practices Islam.

A Trip to Paris - A Short Documentary

Sightseeing

A great place to visit is the Eiffel Tower. This is located in Paris, France. This tower's construction began in 1887 and was completed in 1889. It is named after Gustave Eiffel, the engineer that built it. Since 1889, it has been restored frequently for the public to see. Today, the Eiffel Tower is one of the most visited attractions in the world. It has great light shows, and it is visited by almost seven million visitors each year.


Another place you must see is The Louvre. It is located in Paris, France. The Louvre is a museum with paintings. It is one of the largest museums in the world. This museum used to be a fortress. Then, in the 16th century, it became a palace. In 1793, it was converted into a museum. Today, it is the most visited museum in the world. In 2014 9.26 million people visited The Louvre. The biggest attraction of this museum is the Mona Lisa, which is the most famous painting in the world. It was painted by Leonardo da Vinci.


The Sacre Coeur in Paris, France is a Roman Catholic church. It is on the top of the Montmartre hill. The view at the top of the church is a great view of Paris. It was completed in 1914, but it was opened for worship in 1919 after the end of World War I.

Current Information

France's currency is the euro. One euro is $1.12 in the United States.

France is a republic with a prime minister, president and a Cabinet. It has a semi-presidential system. The president exists with a prime minister and the Cabinet. The prime minister and the Cabinet are in charge of making the laws. The president is François Hollande. The prime minister is Manuel Valls.


France is a major economic power. The agriculture is mainly derived from livestock in northwestern France. A major industry is tourism. Almost eighty-five million people visit France each year. Growing fruits is important in southern France. France is also a large producer of wine.


France's exports are wheat, olives, wine, and cheeses along with other dairy products. It also produces cars, airplanes, shoes, clothing, and machinery.

Crepes

Ingredients


  • (1) cup all-purpose flour
  • (2) eggs
  • (1/2) cup milk
  • (1/2) cup water
  • (1/4) teaspoon salt
  • (2) tablespoons butter, melted


Directions


  1. In a large mixing bowl, whisk together the flour and the eggs. Gradually add in the milk and water, stirring to combine. Add the salt and butter; beat until smooth.
  2. Heat a lightly oiled griddle or frying pan over medium high heat. Pour or scoop the batter onto the griddle, using approximately 1/4 cup for each crepe. Tilt the pan in a circular motion so that the batter coats the surface evenly.
  3. Cook the crepe for about 2 minutes, until the bottom is light brown. Loosen with a spatula, turn and cook the other side. Serve.
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Weeklong Trip

Flight Information

The cost of a round trip from Chicago to Paris is $2,916. This is the cost with United Airlines. It will take 8 hours 20 minutes to get there, and it will take 9 hours 20 minutes to come back. The cost includes a meal.


Itinerary


Day 1- Stay at the Hyatt Regency Paris Etoile. It has free Wi-Fi and costs $148 a night. In Paris, visit the Louvre Museum. This will cost 12 euros ($13.47). After this, go to the Eiffel Tower. This costs 15 euros ($16.83).


Day 2- On your second day, stay in Paris and visit Musee d'Orsay. This is a museum with paintings. The admission is free. Then, visit the Sacre Coeur. The admission for the Sacre Coeur is free, but if you want to go to the dome for the view, it costs 4-6 euros ($4.49-$6.73).


Day 3- Then, hop on a train to go to Nice for 25 euros ($28.06). This takes about 5.5 hours. Stay in the Hotel Connexion for only $81 a night. It is a four star hotel.


Day 4- In Nice, go to Castle Hill. It has a great view, and it's free. Then go to the beach.


Day 5- Today, visit the Musee National Marc Chagall. This museum is dedicated to the painter Marc Chagall, and it costs $25.


Day 6- Now, take the same train back to Paris. Stay in the Hyatt Regency Paris Etoile.


Day 7- Fly back to Chicago.

Works Cited

“About and History.” From Paris. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2015. <http://fromparis.com/sacre-

coeur­de­paris.html>.


“Basic Crepes.” allrecipes.com. Allrecipes.com, n.d. Web. 10 May 2015.


<http://allrecipes.com/recipe/basic­crepes/>.


“The Eiffel Tower at a glance.” Visiting The Eif el Tower. SETE, n.d. Web. 7 May 2015.


<http://www.toureiffel.paris/en/everything­about­the­tower/the­eiffel­tower­at­a-

glance.html>.


“France.” BBC. N.p., 14 Oct. 2014. Web. 4 May 2015.


<http://www.bbc.co.uk/languages/european_languages/countries/france.shtml>.


“French holidays and traditions.” france.fr. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 May 2015.


<http://www.france.fr/en/celebrations­and­festivals/french­holidays­and­traditions.html>.


Sager, Robert J., David M. Helgren, and Alison S. Brooks. People, Places, and Change. Ed. Sue


Miller et al. N.p.: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 2003. Print.


Szalay, Jessie. “The Louvre Museum: Facts, Paintings & Tickets.” Live Science. Purch, 10 May


2013. Web. 9 May 2015. <http://www.livescience.com/31935­louvre­museum.html>.