North American Natives

Information about North American Natives by: Sarah Grace


Anasazi were the ancestors of Pueblo. They constructed dams, ditches, and canals. These inventions helped them trap rain. The houses were made of adobe and stone. They built railroads from Pueblo Bonito for trading networks. There were craftsmen that made things such as turquoise jewelry, woven baskets, and pottery. They really influenced art and architecture. People say that the Anasazi people left because of a lot of droughts.


Adena, which are also known as the Eastern Woodlands, lived in the Ohio Valley Region. They grew many things like squash, sunflowers, gourds, and barely. They made good copper jewelry and good pottery. When someone died, they would make log structures and then cover the body up with dirt.


Hopewell, also known as the Eastern Woodlands, lived in Ohio Valley around 300 AD. Since they built mounds, the Adena and Hopewell people are also known as "Mound Builders." These mounds were huge! They could be up to 40 feet high and 100 feet wide! Based on what archaeologists, people think that there was a trade network there.


The Mississippians lived in Mississippi and they came there around 800 AD. They planted plants that they used for food. They made maizes and beans, which made the population increase. When this increase happened, they needed more land. With all of this land, there were numerous cities. There were a lot of people in Mississippi. In the middle of the largest city (Cahokia) was a huge mound that is approximently larger than the Great Pyramid in Egypt! That's huge! Around the huge mound was a lot of smaller mounds.