Temporal Lobe

Knowlege Helps Treatment

Damage

A worker from a glass factory was working overtime and trying to keep his performance up. He was moving quickly and slipped on the wet floor, causing him to slip and hit his head on the belts which contained glass.

The care taker would like to know the following questions:
What is the normal problems for this type of injury?
Will these problems affect his everyday life?
What treatments are available?
Why this is affecting him the way that it is?


The brain can be a very complicated thing. Neurons from the brain take care of high order thinking and complex behaviors (Bosley, 2012). Our neurotransmitters control our everyday behaviors and actions (Bosley, 2012). With the likelihood of the frontal lobe being damaged, it can cause a lot of stress since it is very commonly used. It is located in the front and upper part of the cortex.

The frontal lobes are extremely important when it comes to high level cognition and movement (Breedlove & Watson, 2013)

Changes and Functions

In non-dominant hemispheres, the temporal lobes are essential for correct perception and interpretation when engaging in social communication (California, 2012). Social norms become a problem, which leads the individual to have more social problems. In the right hemisphere, there may be a problems with emotional lability, problems with decision-making, and general disorganization, attention, memory, and language (California, 2012). This can cause them to be extremely inefficient. For this worker, these things are essential for his job but they are showing to be affecting him.

His memory is almost nonexistence. He will forget what he said or what he did last week. His decision making seems to be affected, as he is talking about everyone leaving him alone and he does not need tests. Later he will be talking about all the tests that need to be run on him.

Other problems that can be had because of this damage are random headaches, anxiety, abnormal sensory perceptions, confusion, excessive writing, or seizures (M.D, 2015). There could be more depending on what area was exactly damaged.

Treatment

There will be many hard struggles coming, but this type of injury is not uncommon. There are a little over five million people today who are living with permanently disabling effects from traumatic brain injury (BrainAndSpinalCord.org, 2015). With the amount of damage done, the patient may act completely different than they used to. It is something that you need to keep in mind when you are dealing with them and trying to help them. They may act impulsive or start bad behaviors which could be substance abuse (BrainAndSpinalCord.org, 2015). There will be many doctors involved during the recovery process and constant tests being done. This will determine the amount of injury and rather or not improvement is being made during. There will be a lot of attention focused on helping him to learn new strategies for stopping impulsive behaviors and helping with emotions (BrainAndSpinalCord.org, 2015). It will completely depend on the test results and extent of the injuries and will take time. A comprehensive assessment of this type of injury is one of the most complex in terms of diagnosis and treatment (Quester & Klug, 2003).

References

Bosley, T. (2012, July 7). How Does the Brain Work? - Human Cognition | PSYCHOLOGY & BRAIN SCIENCE VIDEO . Retrieved from YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQEiux-AOzs

BrainAndSpinalCord.org. (2015). Frontal Lobe Brain Injury. Retrieved from Brain and Spinal Cord: http://www.brainandspinalcord.org/brain-injury/frontal-lobe.html

Breedlove, S. M., & Watson, N. V. (2013). Biological Psychology Seventh Edition: An Introduction to Behavioral, Cognitive, and Clinical Neuroscience. Sunderland: Sinauer Associates.

California, T. R. (2012). UCSF. Retrieved from Social, Emotional and Executive Functioning: http://memory.ucsf.edu/ftd/medical/anatomy/functional/single

M.D, D. G. (2015). Functional Neuroanatomy. Retrieved from Amen Clinics: http://www.amenclinics.com/the-science/spect-gallery/functional-neuroanatomy/?category_id=127

Quester, R., & Klug, N. (2003). Diagnosis, treatment and progress after frontal lobe injury. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr, 306-11.