The Guardian

College of Court Reporting, est. 1984

October 2021

CCR Alumni promote the profession in NW Indiana

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Jessica Warner Phipps, CSR, RPR at Chesterton High School

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Stacy L. Drohosky, RMR, CRR, FCRR, CRI, CSR at Crown Point High School

Do you know someone interested in learning more about stenography?

Have them check this out!

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Like to make Tik Toks?

CCR is looking for enrolled students and alumni to help make videos to promote the professions within court reporting. Contact Nicky for the details,

Court Reporters in the News

September 24 -- National Punctuation Day

By Janine Ferren

Get ready for September 24: It’s National Punctuation Day! I’m confident that no one reading this article would have written “its” instead of “it’s” in the prior sentence. In fact, I’m willing to bet that it grates on the nerves of most of you when you see something like that.

Why is punctuation so important? Simply put, it can completely change the meaning of a sentence and it’s said that it can save lives. How can it save lives? Consider the sentence “Let’s eat, Grandma!” Leaving out the comma — “Let’s eat Grandma!” — completely changes the meaning of that sentence, and proves that, indeed, punctuation saves lives.

While many people may not have consciously considered punctuation since their elementary school days, it is a foundation of the court reporting industry. Court reporters sometimes (often) (frequently) obsess over comma placement, whether something should be quoted or hyphenated, or whether this is one of those opportunities where a semicolon is appropriate. And then it hits us: Does anyone care as much as we do about this stuff? Probably very few people do, but that doesn’t mean we should abandon ship and give up on proper punctuation. It does matter!

Here are a few more examples where incorrect or missing punctuation saves lives:

  • “I like cooking my family and my pets.”
  • A sign that reads “Hunters Please Use Caution When Hunting Pedestrians Using Walk Trails.”
  • “We’re going to learn to cut and paste kids.”

And these two sentences are an example of how powerful punctuation is:

  • “A woman, without her man, is nothing.”
  • “A woman: Without her, man is nothing.”

What can you do to make sure you have good comma sense? Take the punctuation quiz at Don’t worry; it’s just a game. There is no fear of losing lives over incorrect punctuation. Go ahead and use #NationalPunctuationDay in your social media posts. Be sure you know all 14 punctuation marks. Finally, remember not only to spellcheck but also to proofread so that you don’t send out a transcript containing an error that is “to embarrassing.”

Janine Ferren, RMR, CRR, is a freelance court reporter from Fishers, Ind. She serves on NCRA’s Proofreading Council and Contests Committee. She can be reached at

From the CCR archives...


EV360 Theory Was Developed For Adult Learners
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· The EV360 theory prepares students for realtime careers.

· Rules of writing are the same as the English equivalent whenever possible; therefore, they are easily remembered and logical.

· Adults do not have the same capabilities of memorizing as compared to youngsters; therefore students are not required to memorize long lists of rules, lists of steno outlines, and lists of briefs. All rules are based on logic and common sense which eliminates burdensome memorizing.

· Initial and final sides are taught in the same lesson. Example: initial K- and final -K are taught together, therefore, the letters are more logical and easier to remember.

· Briefs are presented in a logical way as each new theory rule is taught. Briefs are taught beginning with the first lesson and relate to the rule in that lesson. Example: the brief for "can" is taught in the lesson introducing "K" along with other briefs many words using the letter "K."

· Phrases are also taught in a systematic, logical, and sequential manner.

· All states and contractions are written in one stroke employing a basic, logical, and easily remembered rule. As a result students learn one rule instead of 50 different outlines.

· Proper names are taught using a basic rule, and they are introduced and reinforced in every lesson.

· Adults need continuous review and reinforcement. Every new concept is repeated throughout the text, and every 5th lesson reviews and reinforces all previous material without introducing any new rules.

· Adults learn best when material is presented from the simple to the more complex and relates to previously learned concepts. Letters and new rules are introduced so that students learn to write automatically without thinking why or how a word is written.

· CAT technology is incorporated thereby eliminating many of the rules contained in other theories.

· The basic theory takes 15 weeks to learn. By the end of one term, students are able to write any English word; and most are writing good, clean notes at 80 words a minute.

· Punctuation and other common words are taught using both hands to eliminate stacking. Example: The period uses both index fingers: both initial and final R (R-R).

· Each lesson contains drills for finger dexterity and reinforcement.

· Number rules are gradually introduced throughout the textbook.

· CAT software is available for the EV360 theory.

· Advanced theory books include phrases and rules for conflict resolution.

· EV360 speedbuilding books are used to develop skill from 80 to 240 words per minute.

By: Kay Moody, Founder of CCR

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The National Court Reporters Foundation Student Intern Scholarship is now open for nominations. Two $1000 awards will be given to high-achieving court reporting students who have completed the internship portion of their education. Eligibility requirements include current NCRA student membership, speed test requirements, and a minimum 3.5 GPA. Applicants must be nominated by their court reporting programs and must also submit a letter of recommendation from an instructor or intern supervisor along with an essay. Judicial, CART, and captioning students are encouraged to apply. Please visit the NCRF Student Intern Scholarship page for full submission details.

Virginia Court Reporters Association

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California Court Reporters Association

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Applications are closed for 2021.

Although the applications are closed for 2021, keep an eye out for these scholarships from the National Verbatim Reporters Association to open for 2022.

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Job opportunities

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The 4th Judicial District's Court Reporter Unit would like to invite you and your students to join our Virtual Open House!

See below for details. Also note that this event will include an opportunity to connect with 4th District Judicial Officers and Official Court Reporters.

What: Minnesota’s 4th Judicial District - Court Reporter Unit Virtual Open House

Who: Any and all who are interested in learning more about the 4th District’s unique court reporting model, plus the benefits of working at the largest judicial district in Minnesota.

When: Friday, October 1st from 8:00-11:00 a.m. Central Time

Where: Virtual - attend via Zoom!

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Interested in this position? Please reach out to Karen. Her contact information is below:

Karen J. Lyman, CCR #395
Official Court Reporter
43rd Judicial Circuit, Div 1
Livingston County Courthouse
700 Webster Street
Chillicothe, MO 64601
(660) 646-8000 ext. 303


The mission of the College of Court Reporting is to provide state-of-the-art instructional systems technologies and quality teaching techniques to educate students in the fields of realtime captioning and court reporting in an online environment. The College of Court Reporting is committed to providing a quality education to students that meet or exceed the standards of the national associations that represent and support court reporters, realtime writers, and related professions.
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PLEASE NOTE: Should you move to another state, it's extremely important that you notify CCR of your new address and also learn your new state's licensing requirements by visiting>Resources>State Requirements.

If you have any questions, please contact Natalie Kijurna, Director of Alumni & Employer Relations/Title IX Coordinator, at or 866-294-3974 ext. 229.