Enlightenment

By Trey Wadlington, Matthew Frappier

Enlightenment

The enlightenment was an eighteenth-century philosophical movement of intellectuals who were greatly impressed with the achievements of scientific revolution.


One major issue was the separation of Church and State.


Another was the concept of social contract which is best discovered by starting with the writings of Rousseau and Locke.


Folk turned some of the ideas of the enlightenment into a slogan containing simply the words Liberty, Fraternity and Equality.

Sir Isaac Newton (1642–1727)

An English scholar and mathematician regarded as the father of physical science. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential scientist of all time. Newton’s discoveries anchored the Scientific Revolution and set the stage for everything that followed in mathematics and physics. He shared credit for the creation of calculus, and introduced the world to gravity and fundamental laws of motion.

Science in the Enlightenment

Science during the Enlightenment was dominated by scientific societies and academies, which had largely replaced universities as centres of scientific research and development. Societies and academies were also the backbone of the scientific profession. Another important development was the popularization of science among an increasingly literate population. Philosophers introduced the public to many scientific theories.